Generic Albenza is a medication of high quality, which is taken in treatment of certain tapeworm infections. Generic Albenza is acting by killing sensitive parasites. It is an anthelmintic.
Other names for this medication:
Also known as: Albendazole.
The target of Generic Albenza is struggle against certain tapeworm infections. Generic Albenza is acting by killing sensitive parasites. It is an anthelmintic.
Generic name of Generic Albenza is Albendazole.
Albenza is also known as Albendazol, Albex, Alminth, Helmidazole, Eskazole, Zentel.
Brand name of Generic Albenza is Albenza.
If you have trouble swallowing the tablet whole, it may be crushed or chewed with a little water.
Take Generic Albenza tablets orally with food.
Take Generic Albenza at the same time with water.
If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Generic Albenza suddenly.
If you overdose Generic Albenza and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.
Store at room temperature between 20 and 25 degrees C (68 and 77 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Keep container tightly closed. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.
The most common side effects associated with Albenza are:
Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.
Do not take Generic Albenza if you are allergic to Generic Albenza components.
Try to be careful with Generic Albenza if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother. Generic Albenza can harm your baby.
Generic Albenza may rarely lower the ability of your body to fight infection.
You must use an effective form of birth control while you take Generic Albenza and for at least 1 month after you stop taking it. .
Generic Albenza should be used with extreme caution in children younger than 1 year old.
Avoid alcohol if you want to achieve most effective results.
It can be dangerous to stop Generic Albenza taking suddenly.
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Prospective study from July 1998 to April 2000.
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The reader should be aware that dissemination of S. stercoralis can occur even after the initiation of antiparasitic medication.
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Parasite-free pastures would improve cattle health and performance, resulting in possible economic return to producers. Our objective was to determine the effect of a single series of anthelmintic treatment of steers prior to stocking on Coastal bermudagrass pastures, during five consecutive summers, on the parasite burden in cattle. The site for this experiment had been conventionally cropped for several decades, with no exposure to cattle, and would be expected to be relatively free of nematode larvae. The experimental design was a randomized complete block (landscape features) with a split plot arrangement of treatments where main plots were pasture fertilization treatments (mineral, clover plus mineral, and broiler litter) and split plots were low and high forage mass. Anthelmintic treatment included pour-on ivermectin on day -21, albendazole on day -7, and injectable ivermectin 48 h prior to stocking of pastures, with the cattle remaining in drylot during the 48-h period prior to being placed on the experimental paddocks. All steers received only one series of treatments during any given year. Yearling Angus steers (Bos taurus) were managed in a put-and-take grazing system with three "tester" steers assigned to each paddock and "grazer" steers added or removed at 28-day intervals. From 1994 to 1998, steers grazed the paddocks for a 140-day period from mid May until early October each year. Fecal samples for worm egg counts were obtained on day 0 and at 28-day intervals, thereafter. On all sampling days after day 0, samples were obtained only from tester animals. Over the 5-year period, the mean eggs per gram of feces (epg) gradually increased from 0 (following treatment) to a mean of 2.2 (range from 0.7 to 3.0) by the end of the grazing season (the last sampling date) in October. Although the epg were not zero, they were below threshold levels that would allow development of a parasite burden in cattle. In traditional management systems, cattle graze parasite-contaminated pastures; therefore, parasites negatively impact growth and productivity throughout the entire grazing period. Periodic anthelmintic treatments simply give a temporary reprieve from those parasitic infections. Conceptually, using the current grazing system, it should be possible to maintain these pastures in a parasite-free status indefinitely; however, from a drug resistance perspective, it would be most applicable in sod-based rotation systems where cattle graze from two to five years before land is returned to row-crops. By removing the effect of parasites, cattle can grow without the physiological constraints that gastrointestinal parasites place on appetite, digestion, nutrient utilization, and general well being.
The patients' ages at diagnosis ranged from 36 to 83 years (median: 52 years). The etiologies of the eosinophilic myocarditis were found to be idiopathic (3 patients), Churg-Strauss syndrome (2 patients), parasitic infection (1 patient) and chronic eosinophilic leukemia (CEL) (1 patient). In addition to treatment for the underlying disease, we also administered prednisolone at a dose appropriate to the disease severity (6 of 7 patients). The patient who was diagnosed with a parasitic infection was treated only with albendazole, because eosinophilic myocarditis was mild. The patient with CEL was positive for the FIP1 L1-PDGFRα fusion gene and was treated with imatinib. Eosinophilic cationic protein was a useful marker for assessing disease activity and treatment efficacy. At the end of the study, of the seven patients treated, six were alive (86%), giving a mean survival time of 37 ± 40 months (mean ± SD).
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The objective of the present study was to estimate the prevalence of soil-transmitted helminthiasis and evaluate the sanitary conditions and the role of a mass treatment campaign for control of these infections in Santa Isabel do Rio Negro. A cross-sectional survey was carried out in 2002, to obtain data related to the sanitary conditions of the population and fecal samples for parasitological examination in 308 individuals, followed by a mass treatment with albendazole or mebendazole with coverage of 83% of the city population in 2003. A new survey was carried out in 2004, involving 214 individuals, for comparison of the prevalences of intestinal parasitosis before and after the mass treatment. The prevalences of ascariasis, trichuriasis and hookworm infection were 48%; 27% and 21% respectively in 2002. There was a significant decrease for the frequency of infections by Ascaris lumbricoides (p < 0.05; OR / 95% CI = 0.44 / 0.30 - 0.65), Trichuris trichiura (p < 0.05; OR / 95% CI = 0.37 / 0.22 - 0.62), hookworm (p < 0.05; OR / 95% CI = 0.03 / 0.01 - 0.15) and helminth poliparasitism (p < 0.05; OR / 95% CI = 0.16 / 0.08 - 0.32). It was also noticed a decrease of prevalence of infection by Entamoeba histolytica / dispar (p < 0.05; OR / 95% CI = 0.30 / 0.19 - 0.49) and non-pathogenic amoebas. It was inferred that a mass treatment can contribute to the control of soil-transmitted helminthiasis as a practicable short-dated measure. However, governmental plans for public health, education and urban infrastructure are essential for the sustained reduction of prevalences of those infections.
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ABZ-CS-MPs can reduce the weight of hydatid cyst and increase the concentration of al-bendazole sulfoxide in plasma and liver tissue of mice.
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Compound 3 had better anthelmintic activity against T. spiralis than compound 2. The bioconversion of compounds 2 and 3 to ABZ and/or ABZ-SO was demonstrated by HPLC, but they did not reach equivalent concentrations to that of ABZ. Prodrugs 2 and 3 were also present in plasma samples, suggesting that prodrugs were not efficiently reduced in the intestine of mice.
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A prospective study of 21 patients operated on in a 5-year period (1999-2003), in Dubrava University Hospital in Zagreb, Croatia, with hepatic hydatid cyst. All patients were pre-operatively treated with albendazole. In 12 patients, total pericystectomy without opening the cyst cavity was performed, 9 open and 3 laparoscopic. In the other 9 patients, partial pericystectomy was done, 6 open and 3 laparoscopic.
This study revealed that both SCE and MN frequencies are higher after albendazole treatment. The results suggest that albendazole may be genotoxic to human lymphocytes in vivo.
Hydatid disease is caused by the larval stage of the cestode, Echinococcus granulosus. Man is the intermediate host in its life cycle. The most common organ involved is liver followed by lung. Although surgery remains the definitive treatment for symptomatic lesions, it is associated with considerable morbidity. Other less invasive treatment strategies as an adjunct to medical treatment that have been tried in various case series include percutaneous aspiration, instillation and reaspiration of scolicidal agents (PAIR), and thoracoscopic removal of cysts located subpleurally. Here we report the case of a 58 year old gentleman with hepatic and pleuropulmonary hydatid disease who was subjected to medical thoracoscopy and instillation of hypertonic saline (3%), followed by medical management with albendazole with which complete resolution of the pulmonary cysts was achieved.
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The aim of this study was to update the anthelmintic resistance (AR) status in sheep flocks infected by gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) by means of in vivo and in vitro methods in the northwest of Spain. With this objective, we studied the efficacy of benzimidazoles (BZs), imidazothiazoles (IMs) and macrocyclic lactones (MLs), between 2006 and 2011. The sampling area was the Autonomous Community of Castilla y León but the majority of the flocks were located in the province of León. When the mean of GIN eggs per gram (epg) in faeces in a flock was higher than 150, the in vivo Faecal Egg Count Reduction Test (FECRT) was carried out. According to this test, AR was present in 63.6% of flocks, independently of the anthelmintic used. Flocks were mainly resistant to levamisole (LEV) (59.0%), followed by ivermectin (IVM) (27.3%) and albendazole (13.6%). Multidrug-resistance was also observed in 27.2% of the flocks, one of them being resistant to all anthelmintic families, including long-acting moxidectin. Comparing the evolution of AR in the last decade, between 1999 and 2011, the level of resistance to BZs and MLs was fairly constant throughout the time by means of the FECRT. However, the resistance to LEV increased significantly in only one decade since during the period 1999-2003 the percentage was 38.5%. The AR status was also measured by in vitro techniques in those flocks with an egg output lower than 150 epg. The prevalence of AR to BZs reached the 35.3% by Egg Hatch Assay. However, the level of resistance reported for LEV and IVM was 61.5% and 23.5%, respectively, by using the Larval Feeding Inhibition Assay, percentages very similar to those reported with the FECRT.
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To estimate the effectiveness of delivering an anthelmintic through a community child health programme on the weight gain of preschool children in Uganda.
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To address this problem, single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) detection assays were developed based on the Smart amplification method (SmartAmp2) to target codons 167, 198, and 200 in the β-tubulin isotype 1 gene for the hookworm Necator americanus.
A 53-year-old West African man presented two years after a travel to Guinea because of severe headache, neck stiffnes, fever and pruritus. The patient had been in orthopedical treatment for the last five months.
Plumbagin, (5-hydroxy-2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone), a natural substance found in the roots of plant species in the genus Plumbago, has been used as a traditional medicine against many diseases. In this study, Caenorhabditis elegans was used as a model for testing the anthelmintic effect of plumbagin. The compound exhibited a nematicidal effect against all stages of C. elegans: L4 was least susceptible, while L1 was most susceptible to plumbagin with an LC(50) of 220 and 156 μM, respectively. Plumbagin inhibited C. elegans development from L1 to adult stages with an IC(50) of 235 μM, and body length was also reduced at concentrations of 25 and 50 μg/ml. Brood sizes decreased from 203±6 to 43±6 and 18±3 eggs per hatch in plumbagin-treated worms at 10, 25, 50 μg/ml, respectively. Furthermore, plumbagin was lethal to strains resistant to the nematicides levamisole, albendazole, and ivermectin, indicating that it possesses a strong and unique nematicidal action. Plumbagin decreased the number of mitochondria in hypodermal and intestinal cells and body wall muscles and damaged the ultrastructure of these tissues. Taken together, plumbagin may be a new drug against parasitic nematodes.
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Ninety consecutive patients with untreated NCC underwent a cognitive assessment (Mini-mental State Examination, Neurobehavioral Cognitive Status Examination, and IQCODE) and were classified as having or not having dementia according to DSM-IV criteria. Imaging and cerebrospinal fluid examination data were recorded. The cognitive measures were repeated six months after treatment with albendazole and steroids.
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Intravenous steroids, H 1 and H 2 antagonists and fluid were given. Emergency laparatomy with endocystectomy was performed. A 3-month course of antihelmintic therapy with albendazole was applied. During follow-up up to one year after surgery the patient did well. Ultrasonography and computed tomography showed only a small residual defect in the right liver lobe where the cyst had been removed.
The aim of this study was to discuss the management of patients with splenic hydatid cyst (SHC) and to provide a review of the literature in this field.
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To find out natural course of solitary cerebral cysticercosis (SCC) cases after treating them with 2 weeks albendazole therapy.
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Se atendió en nuestra clínica a un niño de 10 años de edad con distensión abdominal significativa y dolor en el epigastrio de 10 días de evolución. La concentración de amilasa sérica era de 3709 U/l y la inhibición de la hemaglutinación para hidatidosis era de 1/160. En la tomografía computarizada de abdomen se observaron dos lesiones separadas y ascitis, un quiste hidatídico de tipo CE2 en la región de la cola del páncreas y un quiste hidatídico de tipo CE1 en el lóbulo izquierdo del hígado. Se realizó el drenaje percutáneo del quiste ubicado en la cola del páncreas y se inició tratamiento con albendazol. Se retiró la sonda de drenaje, y desde ese momento se ha realizado el seguimiento del paciente sin que se observen complicaciones.
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Among 324 respondents, 40.4% of them ingested both DEC and ALB. Participation in traditional village forums was independently and significantly related to ingestion of DEC and ALB (OR=1.78, 95% CI=1.04-3.05) and taking roles in community activities for MDA (OR=1.87, 95% CI=1.18-2.94), regardless of the subject's gender, education, knowledge and taking roles in community activities. Taking roles in community activities for MDA was independently related to the LF knowledge score (β=0.24, 95% CI=0.15-0.33).
To determine the plasmatic and intracystal concentrations of albendazole sulfoxide (AS) and correlate them with the viability of the scolices in patients surgically treated for hepatic hydatid cysts (HHC) that received albendazole preoperatively, as an indirect way of evaluating the scolicide efficacy of the drug. A non-consecutive series of patients with uncomplicated HHC, underwent operation at the Department of Surgery, Regional Hospital of Temuco, Chile, between 2001 and 2002. The patients were given 10 mg/kg/day of albendazole for 4 days prior to the surgery. Intraoperative samples of venous blood and hydatid fluid were taken, in which the plasmatic concentration (PIC) and intracystal concentration (ICC) of AS were measured by means of high-performance liquid chromatography. With the remaining hydatid fluid, the viability of the scolices was examined. The following variables were taken into consideration: diameter, type of cyst, number of cysts, and development of cyst-biliary communications. Descriptive statistics were used in the calculation of medians, averages, and standard deviations, and analytical statistics were used for the comparison of continuous variables applying the t-test and the Mann-Whitney U-test. A total of 26 patients with HHC, with a median age of 39.5 years (range: 16-80 years); 16 were women (61.5%). Nineteen patients presented only one cyst (73.1%), and the diametric median of the cysts was 14.5 cm (range: 7-30). Fourteen patients presented univesicular cysts (53.9%), and the remaining 12 had multivesicular cysts (46.1%). The average PIC of AS in the whole series was 1.88 +/- 0.5 microg/ml and the ICC was 0.26 +/- 0.2 microg/ml. The ICC in viable hydatid cysts was 0.25 microg/ml versus 0.28 microg/ml in non-viable cysts (p = 0.7556). The absence of association between intracystal levels of AS and the viability of the scolices allows one to posit indirectly that albendazole is ineffective as a scolicidal agent administered preoperatively for 4 days.
This three-arm, open-label intervention study was carried out in Ghana among class three schoolchildren. Artemether-lumefantrine and albendazole were co-administered to 131 schoolchildren in Study Arm 1; artemether-lumefantrine, albendazole, and praziquantel to 90 children in Study Arm 2 versus albendazole and praziquantel to 127 children in Control Arm 3. Medicines were administered to all children at least 30 min after a meal. A HemoCue(®) photometer was used to measure haemoglobin (Hb), while the code transmission test (CTT), adapted from the Test of Everyday Attention for Children (TEA-Ch), was used to measure sustained attention and recall before-and-after interventions in June 2011 and June 2012.
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Soil-transmitted helminths are among the most prevalent sources of human infections globally. We determined the effect of an educational package at rural schools in Linxiang City District, Hunan province, China, where these worms are prevalent. The intervention aimed to increase knowledge about soil-transmitted helminths, induce behavioral change, and reduce the rate of infection.
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Metformin (Met) is a biguanide anti-hyperglycemic agent, which also exerts antiproliferative effects on cancer cells. This drug inhibits the complex I of the mitochondrial electron transport chain inducing a fall in the cell energy charge and leading 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activation. AMPK is a highly conserved heterotrimeric complex that coordinates metabolic and growth pathways in order to maintain energy homeostasis and cell survival, mainly under nutritional stress conditions, in a Liver Kinase B1 (LKB1)-dependent manner. This work describes for the first time, the in vitro anti-echinococcal effect of Met on Echinococcus granulosus larval stages, as well as the molecular characterization of AMPK (Eg-AMPK) in this parasite of clinical importance. The drug exerted a dose-dependent effect on the viability of both larval stages. Based on this, we proceeded with the identification of the genes encoding for the different subunits of Eg-AMPK. We cloned one gene coding for the catalytic subunit (Eg-ampkɑ) and two genes coding for the regulatory subunits (Eg-ampkβ and Eg-ampkγ), all of them constitutively transcribed in E. granulosus protoscoleces and metacestodes. Their deduced amino acid sequences show all the conserved functional domains, including key amino acids involved in catalytic activity and protein-protein interactions. In protoscoleces, the drug induced the activation of AMPK (Eg-AMPKɑ-P176), possibly as a consequence of cellular energy charge depletion evidenced by assays with the fluorescent indicator JC-1. Met also led to carbohydrate starvation, it increased glucogenolysis and homolactic fermentation, and decreased transcription of intermediary metabolism genes. By in toto immunolocalization assays, we detected Eg-AMPKɑ-P176 expression, both in the nucleus and the cytoplasm of cells as in the larval tegument, the posterior bladder and the calcareous corpuscles of control and Met-treated protoscoleces. Interestingly, expression of Eg-AMPKɑ was observed in the developmental structures during the de-differentiation process from protoscoleces to microcysts. Therefore, the Eg-AMPK expression during the asexual development of E. granulosus, as well as the in vitro synergic therapeutic effects observed in presence of Met plus albendazole sulfoxide (ABZSO), suggest the importance of carrying out chemoprophylactic and clinical efficacy studies combining Met with conventional anti-echinococcal agents to test the potential use of this drug in hydatidosis therapy.
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Microsporidiosis is a common finding in HIV-infected patients who have diarrhoea. The species most commonly causing gastrointestinal disease is Enterocytozoon bieneusi. Recently Septata intestinalis has been described as a cause of diarrhoea and disseminated infection in patients with AIDS. A 44-year-old homosexual man with severe immunodeficiency (CD4 cell count 40/microliters) had a history of watery diarrhoea for 2 weeks. Microsporidian spores measuring 1.2 to 1.5 x 2.5 to 3.0 microns were found in stool samples. Electron microscopy of duodenal biopsies confirmed the diagnosis of intestinal microsporidiosis and showed parasitophorous vacuoles with the typical ultrastructure of S. intestinalis. The patient was treated with albendazole (400 mg twice daily) and became asymptomatic within 4 days. No spores could be detected in stool samples after a treatment period of 14 days. About 25 infections with S. intestinalis have been reported to date, and the case presented here is the first in a German patient.
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Forty-five patients of pulmonary hydatid disease were randomly assigned into four groups to receive either 0, 2, 4 or 8 weeks of preoperative albendazole (ABZ) and praziquantel (PZQ). Viability of the scolices in the fluid harvested at surgery (methylene blue staining) and ability to produce peritoneal hydatids in mice (intra-peritoneal inoculation) were compared in different groups.
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Three children infected with Fasciola hepatica (FH) were treated with triclabendazole (TCZ; Fasinex). In the first two patients, firstly, albendazole (Andazole) was administered, but did not stop the excretion of FH eggs. To these two patients, TCZ was administered in a single oral dose of 10 mg/kg postprandially. Two month later, very few eggs were found in stool samples. So, the same dose of triclabendazole was secondly given to the patients. After this therapy. FH eggs have not been found in the repeated stool examinations for a follow up of one year. To the third patient, TCZ was administered in a single oral dose of 10 mg/kg together with food. This patient has remained free of complaints and stool samples were free from FH eggs for two months. In conclusion, TCZ may be used as a treatment of choice for human fasciolosis both in adults, and children.
We create a design that uses an exact difference in proportions test for testing noninferiority, but calculates maximal sample size based on conditional power which treats the historical rates as true rates. The design allows for early stopping if the new treatment appears inferior with respect to SAE rate but makes no corrections for multiple testing. We explore the properties of this naive design without assuming the historical rates are known.
The efficacy of current antiparasitic treatment for cerebral Taenia solium cysticercosis with either albendazole (ABZ) or praziquantel (PZQ) is suboptimal. A recent study demonstrated that combining these 2 antiparasitic drugs improves antiparasitic efficacy. We present here the parasiticidal efficacy data obtained during a previous phase II pharmacokinetic study that compared combined ABZ plus PZQ with ABZ alone.
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