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To evaluate the effectiveness of the monotherapy of Cardura and the combination therapy of Cardura and Tolterodine L-Tartrate Tablets for II° ? benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) with overactive bladder (OAB).
To evaluate the efficacy of intermittent percutaneous needle sacral nerve stimulation (IPN-SNS) in women with idiopathic overactive bladder (IOAB) treated with tolterodine.
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By week 12, subjects receiving fesoterodine 8 mg had significantly greater improvement from baseline vs. placebo in UUI episodes, urgency episodes and scores on the Patient Perception of Bladder Control, Urgency Perception Scale and OAB Questionnaire Symptom Bother and Health-Related Quality of Life scales and domains (all p < 0.05). 50% and 70% UUI responder rates were also significantly higher with fesoterodine 8 mg vs. placebo at week 12 (p < 0.05). Dry mouth (placebo, 4%, 12/301; fesoterodine, 16.6%, 51/308) and constipation (placebo, 1.3%, 4/301; fesoterodine, 3.9%, 12/308) were the most frequent adverse events.
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To compare the clinical efficacy and safety of solifenacin versus tolterodine in patients with overactive bladder (OAB).
OAB patients were treated with tolterodine ER 4 mg/day for 12 weeks. The OAB-q and 3-day micturition diaries were collected at baseline, 4, and 12 weeks. The patients' and physicians' perceptions of treatment benefit were assessed at 4 and 12 weeks. Responsiveness of the OAB-q was examined with effect sizes and comparisons to other measures using ANOVAs, t-tests, and correlations.
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The nature and frequency of AEs associated with tolterodine ER treatment were similar across age groups in subjects with OAB, suggesting that tolterodine ER was not associated with an increased risk of AEs in older vs. younger subjects and, thus, is a suitable first-line pharmacotherapy treatment for OAB in this population.
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To evaluate the efficacy of tolterodine extended release (ER) in men on alpha-blocker therapy.
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This analysis included 698 patients. On Day 5, there were significant reductions in all three diary variables (all p < 0.0001), and improvements continued on Days 6 and 7. More than half of the patients reported > or = 50% reductions in urgency or UUI episodes on Day 5. Responder rates for all three symptoms increased through Week 12.
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Muscarinic receptor antagonists are used clinically for their therapeutic peripheral effects on bladder function. However, these agents may also act on central muscarinic receptors, especially in individuals with compromised blood-brain barrier function. We compared the effects of atropine and tolterodine, agents that do and do not readily cross the blood-brain barrier, respectively, administered peripherally (intravenous [i.v.]) and centrally (intracerebroventricular [i.c.v.]) on cystometrography in conscious rats after cerebral infarction induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion or sham surgery. We hypothesized that tolterodine would produce greater improvement in bladder capacity and less impairment in bladder contractility and that the effects of both agents would be greater in rats with cerebral infarction and sham-operated rats after peripheral administration, but that tolterodine and atropine would exert similar effects after central administration. Bladder capacity was markedly reduced following cerebral infarction. Low-dose i.v. tolterodine (or=20 nmol/kg) significantly increased bladder capacity but also significantly increased residual volume and decreased bladder contraction pressure. Tolterodine was significantly more efficacious than atropine in increasing bladder capacity, whereas atropine produced significantly greater increases in residual volume and reductions in bladder contraction pressure; these treatment group differences were also observed in sham-operated animals. Tolterodine and atropine administered i.c.v. significantly increased bladder capacity following cerebral infarction or sham surgery; however, this was accompanied by significantly increased residual volume and decreased bladder contraction time. The decrease in bladder contraction time was significantly smaller after tolterodine vs atropine. Peripherally acting muscarinic receptor antagonists may be preferable to centrally acting agents for minimizing adverse events, such as incomplete bladder emptying, even in individuals with compromised blood-brain barrier function.
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Tolterodine ER 4 mg once daily (P = 0.0001) and tolterodine IR 2 mg twice daily (P = 0.0005) both significantly reduced the mean number of urge incontinence episodes per week compared with placebo. The median reduction in these episodes as a percentage of the baseline values was 71% for tolterodine ER, 60% for tolterodine IR, and 33% for placebo. The ER formulation was 18% more effective than the IR formulation (P <0.05). Treatment with both formulations of tolterodine was also associated with statistically significant improvements in all other micturition diary variables compared with placebo. For both formulations, the mean decreases in micturition frequency (P <0.0079) and pad usage (P <0.0145) were significant, and the mean volume voided per micturition increased (P = 0.0001). The rate of dry mouth (of any severity) was 23% for tolterodine ER, 30% for tolterodine IR, and 8% for placebo. The overall dry mouth rate for patients taking tolterodine ER was 23% lower than for tolterodine IR (P <0.02), and the rate of severe dry mouth in the ER group was only 1.8%. The rates of withdrawal were comparable for the two active groups and the placebo group. No safety concerns were noted.
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Expected outcomes were improvements in the ICIQ and ASEX total score. All ASEX items were expected to improve individually. These improvements indicate better sexual function after treatment. Results. The mean of the total ASEX score improved relative to baseline in the first (P<0.01), second (P<0.01), and third (P<0.01) follow-up. The mean of scores for sexual desire, arousal, vaginal lubrication, orgasm, and orgasm satisfaction improved significantly (P<0.01) with each follow-up.
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We assessed the cost-effectiveness of percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation vs extended release tolterodine for the treatment of overactive bladder.
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The overactive bladder syndrome is a common condition affecting approximately 12% of men and women. It is extremely disturbing with a great impact on quality of life. Its treatment involves a combination of behavioural and pharmacological therapy. The latter includes antimuscarinic drugs such as tolterodine.
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The volume voided per micturition increased in the solifenacin group (n = 21) (P = 0.04). The strong desire to void and pad-test result improved in the tolterodine group (n = 21; P = 0.02 and 0.03, respectively). There were no between-group differences in changes of any urodynamic data, voiding diary values or adverse events after treatment; however, changes of heart rate differed between the two groups (P = 0.0004), especially at visit 2 (solifenacin vs. tolterodine, -4.3 vs. 3.8, P = 0.02) and visit 3 (-3.2 vs. 4.8, P = 0.03).
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The USS is a valid and highly responsive measure of urinary urgency in men with OAB-LUTS and women with OAB.
Patients were randomly assigned to receive placebo (n = 222), 4 mg of tolterodine ER (n = 217), 0.4 mg of tamsulosin (n = 215), or both tolterodine ER plus tamsulosin (n = 225) for 12 weeks.
An action research and chart review was conducted in 245 OAB women. Women were prescribed tolterodine or oxybutynin with or without baclofen after urodynamics. The complaint of voiding difficulty was followed up one week later.
To evaluate voiding symptoms and questionnaire score change before and after anti-muscarinic treatment and evaluate the correlation of agreement in patient and doctor satisfaction after treatment.
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Oxybutynin and tolterodine showed similar efficacy on daytime symptoms of overactive bladder and similar side-effects in perimenopausal patients. For patients with the chief complaint of nocturnal frequency, prescription of tolterodine is preferably suggested.
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Indiana Medicaid claims data were merged with data from the Minimum Data Set (MDS). Repeated-measures analyses were performed to assess the effects of dual therapy on change in cognitive function measured using the MDS Cognition Scale (MDS-COGS; scored 0-10) and change in activity of daily living (ADL) function using the seven ADL items in the MDS (scored 0-28). Potential covariates included age, sex, race, number of medications, and Charlson Comorbidity Index score.
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Symptoms of urgency and increased frequency of micturition and nocturia, with or without urge incontinence, are the hallmarks of a condition that afflicts millions of Americans. Several new drug therapies, as well as behavioral approaches, provide keys to management.
Solifenacin was a less costly and more effective treatment strategy compared with tolterodine. During the course of 1 year, the estimated cost per patient was pound509 for patients treated with solifenacin and pound526 for those given tolterodine, a cost saving of pound17 per patient. Treatment with solifenacin was also associated with a small incremental gain of 0.004 quality-adjusted-life-years (QALYs) over tolterodine. Sensitivity analysis suggests that the incremental cost effectiveness of solifenacin relative to tolterodine does not appear to exceed pound30 000/QALY with even large variations in key model parameters.
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The pregnane X receptor (PXR) is a transcription factor regulating P-glycoprotein (P-gp; ABCB1)-mediated transport and cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4)-mediated metabolism of xenobiotics thereby affecting the pharmacokinetics of many drugs and potentially modulating clinical efficacy. Thus, pharmacokinetic drug-drug interactions can arise from PXR activation. Here, we examined whether the selective α1-adrenoreceptor blocker tamsulosin or the antagonist of muscarinic receptors tolterodine affect PXR-mediated regulation of CYP3A4 and of P-gp at the messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein level in an enantiomer-specific way. In addition, the effect of tamsulosin and tolterodine on P-gp activity was evaluated. We used quantitative real-time PCR, gene reporter assay, western blotting, rhodamine efflux assay, and calcein assay for determination of expression, activity, and inhibition of P-glycoprotein. The studied compounds significantly and concentration-dependently increased PXR activity in the ABCB1-driven luciferase-based reporter gene assay. We observed much stronger induction of ABCB1 mRNA by S-tamsulosin as compared to the R or racemic form. R or racemic form of tolterodine and R-tamsulosin concentration-dependently increased P-gp protein expression; the latter also enhanced P-gp efflux function in a rhodamine-based efflux assay. R-tamsulosin and all forms of tolderodine slightly inhibited P-gp. The effect on CYP3A4 expression followed the same pattern but was much weaker. Taken together, tamsulosin and tolterodine are demonstrated to interfere with P-gp and CYP3A4 regulation in an enantiomer-specific way.
MEDLINE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, SCIRUS, and Google Scholar were searched for articles published from 1966 to November 2011.
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A total of 80 patients (40 males and 40 females) were studied. Mean age was 51.5 vs 51.3 years (p = 0.95) and mean body mass index was 33.6 vs 31.9 kg/m(2) (p = 0.44) in monotherapy group 1 vs combination therapy group 2. Between the 2 groups there was no significant difference in urinary symptoms, body pain and activities of daily living from baseline to just before stent removal (p = 0.95, 0.40 and 0.95, respectively). Although there was no difference between the groups, both showed improvement in urinary symptoms from the time of initial stent insertion to just prior to stent removal (difference -0.50 for combination therapy and -0.40 for monotherapy). The mean stent indwelling time of 9.6 and 8.7 days in the combination and monotherapy groups, respectively, did not differ (p = 0.67). On ANOVA it had no significant impact on results (p = 0.64).
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One hundred ninety-seven men aged 50-89 years (average TPV 44.4 mL) received first-line tolterodine monotherapy. Mean IPSS-T, IPSS storage (IPSS-S) subscore, and QOL improved significantly at 2, 4, and 12 weeks. Average PVR increased significantly; no patient developed acute urinary retention. One hundred thirty-six patients (69.0%) showed improvement (GRA ≥ 1) at both 2 and 4 weeks. Regression analysis showed that IPSS-S (P = .039) and maximum urine flow (Qmax, P = .033) were significant predictors of therapeutic success. Patients with smaller baseline TPV, higher IPSS-S, and higher Qmax had significantly higher treatment success rates.
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We reviewed recent literature and treatment guidelines regarding the prevalence, pathophysiology, and management of BPO related to BPH; and management of lower urinary tract symptoms secondary to BPH.
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The mean age was 10.9 years and the children were assessed between 4 and 31 months after treatment initiation. Healing was proved through cistomanometry in 67% of the cases, there was improvement in 14% and 19% of the patients showed no changes in the UDT. Following the criteria of the International Children's Continence Society (ICCS) applied to those children with no post-treatment UDT, 51% were healed, 27% improved and 22% experienced no changes. None of the patients had to discontinue the treatment due to side effects.
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Outcomes were assessed using the Work Productivity and Activity Impairment Questionnaire - Specific Health Problem (WPAI-SHP), Health Utilities Index (HUI), and a resource utilization questionnaire administered at Pre-Washout and Week 12.