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Evista

Generic Evista is the most effective preparation in struggle against female osteoporosis symptoms (bones weakness) after period of menopause. Generic Evista acts as up-to-date anti-osteoporosis remedy which provides bones strengths and health. Generic Evista acts improving bones states, their strength.

Other names for this medication:

Similar Products:
Actonel, Fosamax, Tamoxifen, Alendronate, Boniva, Reclast, Duavee, Femhrt, Climara Pro, Jinteli

 

Also known as:  Raloxifene.

Description

Generic Evista is created using perfect medical formula which is a magnificent weapon against women problem such as osteoporosis symptoms (bones weakness) after period of menopause. Target of Generic Evista is to make bones stronger.

Generic Evista acts as up-to-date anti-osteoporosis remedy which provides bones strengths and health. Generic Evista acts improving bones states, their strength.

Evista is also known as Raloxifene, Ralista.

Generic Evista is estrogen (woman hormone).

Generic Evista can't lead to vaginal bleeding, uterine or breast cancer, breast tenderness.

Generic name of Generic Evista is Estrogen.

Brand name of Generic Evista is Evista.

Dosage

Generic Evista can be taken in form of tablets which should be taken by mouth with water.

Take Generic Evista every day at the same time and remember that its dosage depends on patient's health state.

If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Generic Evista suddenly.

Overdose

If you overdose Generic Evista and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.

Storage

Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children in a container that small children cannot open.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Evista are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.

Contraindications

Do not take Generic Evista if you are allergic to Generic Evista components.

Do not take Generic Evista if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother.

Be careful with Generic Evista in case of using diazoxide such as Proglycem, diazepam such as Zetran,Valium, Valrelease, cholestyramine such as Questran, colestipol such as Colestid, estrogen or hormone replacement therapy such as ERT or HRT, warfarin such as Coumadin.

Be careful with Generic Evista in case of having of cancer, stroke, liver or heart disease, breast lumps, high blood cholesterol, blood clots, triglycerides, phlebitis in the leg.

Use Generic Evista with great care in case you want to undergo an operation (dental or any other).

Generic Evista can't lead to vaginal bleeding, uterine or breast cancer, breast tenderness.

If you take Generic Evista it is dangerous to smoke cigarettes.

Generic Evista can be dangerous for children.

Do not stop taking Generic Evista suddenly.

evista drug class

A method is presented for flexibly aligning small molecules. The method accepts a collection of small molecules with 3D coordinates as input and computes a collection of alignments. Each alignment is given a score, which quantifies the quality of the alignment both in terms of internal strain and overlap of molecular features. The results of several computational experiments on pairs of compounds with known binding conformations are used to systematically and objectively tune the parameters for the method. The results indicate the method's utility for the elucidation of pharmacophores and comparative field analysis.

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PATIENTS were classified into the alendronate, calcitonin, or raloxifene group according to exposure after follow-up.

evista dosage forms

Raloxifene and alendronate are anti-resorptive therapies approved for the prevention and treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Raloxifene is also indicated to reduce the risk of invasive breast cancer in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis and in postmenopausal women at high risk of invasive breast cancer. A definitive study comparing the fracture effectiveness and rate of breast cancer for raloxifene and alendronate has not been published. The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to evaluate fracture and breast cancer rates among patients treated with raloxifene or alendronate.

evista 20 mg

This commentary explores the recent experience with and the basis for the use of selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) to prevent breast cancer. Chemoprevention has been a goal for many years. As newer agents are unveiled, they will continue to be tested against tamoxifen, the current standard for the treatment and prevention of breast cancer. Raloxifene holds the promise of treating osteoporosis with the beneficial side effect of breast cancer prevention. The Study of Tamoxifen and Raloxifene (STAR) trial and prior prevention studies will be discussed in an attempt understand the bridge from the laboratory to the clinic.

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To assess the effect of raloxifene 60 mg/day (RLX) on year-by-year cardiovascular (CV) events in postmenopausal women participating in the Multiple Outcomes of Raloxifene Evaluation (MORE) trial, a double-blind, placebo-controlled osteoporosis treatment trial.

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This study was aimed to investigate the reversible effect of cyclosporine A, raloxifene and their combination on multidrug resistance cell line K562/A02. The IC(50) (the concentration causing 50% inhibition of cell growth) of DNR were assayed by MTT method, the expression level of mdr-1 mRNA was assayed by RT-PCR, p-glycoprotein (P-gp) expression and intracellular DNR concentration were detected by flow cytometry. The results showed that the IC(50) of DNR on K562/A02 and K562 cells were 23.51 mg/L and 0.29 mg/L, respectively. The IC(50) of DNR on K562/A02 cells in treatment with raloxifene CsA and both combination were 5.98, 8.15 and 3.68 mg/L respectively, but both drugs not influenced IC(50) of DNR on K562 cells. Pretreating K562/A02 cells with raloxifene (2.5 mg/L) or CsA (1 mg/L) for 48 hours partially restored the sensitivity of K562/A02 cells to DNR. Cyclosporine A and raloxifene (alone or combination) elevated the intracellular DNR concentration in K562/A02, down regulated P-gp and mdr-1 mRNA expressions. It is concluded that multidrug resistance (MDR) can be partially reversed by CsA or raloxifene, the combination of both drugs shows a great synergistic reversal effect.

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Hypothalamic differentiation in the female rat during the neonatal period is critically dependent on the steroid milieu, as permanent changes in reproductive function are observed after administration of oestradiol and testosterone during such a critical stage. Selective oestrogen modulators (SERMs) constitute a family of drugs that, depending on the tissue, are able to exert oestrogenic or antioestrogenic actions. The present experiments were conducted to analyse whether the SERMs, tamoxifen and raloxifene, can cause oestrogenic actions during the hypothalamic differentiation period. Postnatal female rats were injected between days 1 and 5 with 100 microg/day tamoxifen, raloxifene or ICI 182,780 (a pure antioestrogen). Other groups of animals were injected on day 1 of age with 100 microg oestradiol benzoate (OeB) or 1.25 mg testosterone propionate (TP) alone or in combination with raloxifene (500 microg/day between days 1 and 5). In all experimental groups, the age, body weight and concentrations of serum gonadotrophins at vaginal opening were recorded, whereas vaginal cyclicity and the negative and positive feedback between oestradiol and LH were monitored in adulthood. The results obtained confirmed the ability of high doses of OeB or TP to alter the normal differentiation of the brain permanently. They also reinforced the hypothesis that oestrogens are also necessary for normal brain differentiation in female rats because administration of a pure antioestrogen, such as ICI 182,780 permanently altered the function of the reproductive axis. In addition, our data provided evidence for different actions of the two SERMs under analysis (raloxifene and tamoxifen) upon peripheral targets, as raloxifene advanced vaginal opening whereas tamoxifen did not. In contrast, their actions on brain differentiation appeared similar and analogous to those obtained after neonatal administration of oestradiol, as evidenced by vaginal acyclicity, ovarian atrophy, sterility and abolition of negative and positive feedback between oestradiol and LH, thus suggesting an oestrogenic action of these SERMs on hypothalamic differentiation. Moreover, the oestrogenic activity of raloxifene was supported by its inability to block the effects of OeB and TP administered neonatally. In conclusion, the present results indicated that the SERMs, tamoxifen and raloxifene, exert an oestrogen-like effect upon hypothalamic differentiation of the neonatal female rat.

evista alternative medicine

One hundred and twenty-three postmenopausal women with genotype 1b chronic hepatitis C were randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups: raloxifene hydrochloride (RLX) (60 mg/day) plus SOC (PegIFNα2a 180 μg/week and RBV 600-1,000 mg/day) (n=62) or SOC only (n=61). Genotyping was performed of the polymorphism in the interleukin-28B (IL28B) gene region (rs8099917) of DNA collected from each patient.

evista medication uses

Fluid shear stress and raloxifene, the selective estrogen receptor modulator, were verifed to be able to promote MC3T3-E1 proliferation, increase the expression of β-catenin and ERα, and the combination functioned synergicly significantly. Fluid shear stress and raloxifene may possiblely affect the osteoblast proliferation by regulating the signaling pathways of Wnt/β-catenin and ER.

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The following review article focuses on chemoprevention clinical trials of breast cancer. To date, SERMs (Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators) have been the most studied drugs. Four randomized trials with tamoxifen vs. placebo have been performed and two with raloxifene are being carried out. Two tamoxifen trials showed between 30 and 50% reduction in breast cancer incidence. However, two other studies showed no statistical differences. Moreover, the real impact on mortality that these therapies could have is still unknown. This article includes a revision of trials that evaluated the relationship between daily vitamin intake and breast cancer. A follow up of these trials will give us answers about which patients will benefit from chemoprevention therapies.

evista drug classification

There were 373 women who participated in this study. Most women (86.3%) had a washout period between HT and RLX, and 55.2% had tapered their HT in some fashion. After beginning RLX, women who had had a washout duration of more than one week were found to be more likely to have an improvement in the severity of hot flashes (odds ratio [OR] = 6.3), and in the frequency of hot flashes (OR = 4.6), than women with a shorter washout or no washout period at all. The method of tapering of HT did not seem to affect either the severity or the frequency of hot flashes once on RLX. Women who had undergone a tapering period of more than one week's duration were more likely (OR = 2.6) to experience an improvement in the frequency (but not the severity) of hot flashes on RLX.

evista medication guide

A new method for the postprocessing of docking outputs has been developed, based on encoding putative 3D binding modes (docking solutions) as ligand-protein interactions into simple bit strings, a method analogous to the structural interaction fingerprint. Instead of employing traditional scoring functions, the method uses a series of new, knowledge-based scores derived from the similarity of the bit strings for each docking solution to that of a known reference binding mode. A GOLD docking study was carried out using the Bissantz estrogen receptor antagonist set along with the new scoring method. Superior recovery rates, with up to 2-fold enrichments, were observed when the new knowledge-based scoring was compared to the GOLD fitness score. In addition, top ranking sets of molecules (actives and potential actives or decoys) were structurally diverse with low molecular weights and structural complexities. Principal component analysis and clustering of the fingerprints permits the easy separation of active from inactive binding modes and the visualization of diverse binding modes.

evista generic 2014

In a well-established model of postmenopausal RA, the raloxifene analog LY117018 potently inhibits the progression of arthritis and the associated development of osteoporosis, both in a prophylactic and in a therapeutic regimen. Since long-term HRT has been associated with significant side effects, raloxifene may be a useful adjuvant treatment for postmenopausal RA.

evista medication generic

The efficacy of estrogen therapy may be modified in women who smoke because of increased catabolism of estrogen and the interaction of tobacco products with the estradiol receptor. We examined whether the efficacy of raloxifene differed in smoking vs. nonsmoking women. We compared change in bone mineral density and biochemical markers of bone turnover, and incidence of new vertebral fracture in postmenopausal women of the Multiple Outcomes on Raloxifene Efficacy trial, who were randomized to either raloxifene (60 or 120 mg/d) or placebo. In the 17% of women who were current smokers, we found, compared with nonsmokers, lowered baseline trochanter bone mineral density (0.540 vs. 0.557 g/cm(2); P < 0.001) and serum osteocalcin (24.8 vs. 26.6 ng/liter; P < 0.001). Baseline urinary type I collagen breakdown products was increased among smokers (291.8 vs. 276.9 micromol/liter; P = 0.04). Body mass index was also lower in smokers (24.3 vs. 25.4; P < 0.001). After 6 months of treatment, there was no significant difference in reduction of bone turnover between smokers and nonsmokers. After 4 yr of treatment, the smoking-treatment interaction was not significant between smokers and nonsmokers for the percent increase in femoral neck bone mineral density (P = 0.25), trochanter bone mineral density (P = 0.24), and spine bone mineral density (P = 0.37). The smoking-treatment interaction for reduction in vertebral fracture risk was not significant either [odds ratio for fracture, 0.67 (0.45-0.98) for smokers and 0.56 (0.47-0.68) for nonsmokers; P = 0.44]. These results were not modified after stratification by tertiles of body mass index or when comparing heavy smokers vs. light smokers. We conclude that smoking does not influence the antiosteoporotic effect of raloxifene. This may represent an advantage over estrogen replacement therapy.

generic evista osteoporosis

Ultrasound measurement of endometrial thickness on day 11 of both the pretreatment and treatment cycles, surgeon satisfaction (0 to 10, visual analogue scale), and side effects.

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University hospital.

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It is well-known that osteoporosis treatment should be discussed from the view point of bone quality, however, in vivo assessment of bone quality is limited only for bone geometry and trabecular microstructure. Hip structure analysis (HSA) is a program to evaluate geometry and biomechanical property using two-dimensional DXA data of proximal femur. In vivo assessment of trabecular microstructure has been realized by the benefit of recent developments of imaging technique and technology, such as high resolution clinical CT and MR. These imaging techniques are going to be applied to assess risk of fracture and efficacy of anti-osteoporotic agents, although their spatial resolution is lower than real trabecular structure.

evista generic raloxifene

Plasma homocysteine levels were not altered in the placebo group. After 12 months, a significant reduction versus baseline in the mean plasma homocysteine level (-16%) was found only in the raloxifene 150-mg group. The mean change in plasma homocysteine levels within this group also was significantly different from the changes versus baseline found in the placebo group (+2%) and the raloxifene 60-mg group (-2%), but not different from those found in the CEE group (-8%). After 24 months, plasma homocysteine levels were decreased significantly in the raloxifene 150-mg and CEE groups compared with both baseline (-13% and -10%, respectively) and placebo values (-15% and -11%, respectively). No significant change in plasma homocysteine levels was observed in the raloxifene 60-mg group.

evista medication dosage

Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) mimic estrogen action in certain tissues while opposing it in others. The therapeutic effectiveness of SERMs such as tamoxifen and raloxifene in breast cancer depends on their antiestrogenic activity. In the uterus, however, tamoxifen is estrogenic. Here, we show that both tamoxifen and raloxifene induce the recruitment of corepressors to target gene promoters in mammary cells. In endometrial cells, tamoxifen, but not raloxifene, acts like estrogen by stimulating the recruitment of coactivators to a subset of genes. The estrogen-like activity of tamoxifen in the uterus requires a high level of steroid receptor coactivator 1 (SRC-1) expression. Thus cell type- and promoter-specific differences in coregulator recruitment determine the cellular response to SERMs.

evista usual dosage

There may be an association between raloxifene and the development of malignant mixed mesodermal tumor. Special attention should be paid when attempting to sample the endometrium in patients with mullerian abnormalities.

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Raloxifene, a selective estrogen receptor modulator, improves cardiovascular risk factors, but its effect on cardiovascular events is unknown.

evista bone medicine

Forty-two postmenopausal women with osteoporosis on raloxifene were randomized to raloxifene alone or 1-34PTH daily for 12 months (continuing raloxifene). Women were then followed for 12 months on raloxifene alone. Bone turnover markers and BMD were measured at baseline and at 3, 6, 12, 18 and 24 months.

evista drug cost

We retrieved thirteen electronic databases, read the titles and abstracts to exclude ineligible articles, and then read the full text and references to form a basis for decisions using the inclusion criteria. If full text was not available, we asked the author for a copy of the article. After the data were extracted and recorded, the research quality was evaluated by two authors using the Jadad score and Cochrane handbook.

evista 60mg tablets

The modulatory effects of E(2) and R at therapeutic doses on GH action are different. R during GH therapy exerts a greater inhibitory effect on lipid oxidation and protein anabolism compared to E(2).

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In recent years, the question of whether breast cancer can be prevented has been examined in a number of large clinical trials, employing either selective estrogen receptor modifiers such as tamoxifen and raloxifene or aromatase inhibitors. In this paper, we review the most prominent studies, all of which are either under way or in follow-up.

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Co-administration of apigenin with raloxifene in a 1:2 ratio by weight resulted in a 55% and 37% increase in the C(max) and AUC of intact raloxifene, respectively. When equal proportions of raloxifene and apigenin (1:1) were administered, the C(max) and AUC of intact raloxifene were increased by 173% and 97% respectively. This increase in intact raloxifene was not associated with an increase in total raloxifene (intact plus conjugated raloxifene) because AUC and C(max) of total raloxifene when administered alone or in combination with apigenin were found to be similar. The results indicated that apigenin inhibited the glucuronidation and sulfation of raloxifene in the intestine bringing about an increased bioavailability of the drug.

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Tamoxifen was approved for breast cancer prevention in October 1998. Thus, for the first time, we as gynecologists are being asked to prescribe this drug to healthy women. In the past each one of us has cared for women with breast cancer who have been treated with tamoxifen by oncologists or breast surgeons for the malignancy. Effects of tamoxifen on the uterus resulting in carcinomas, hyperplasia, and polyps are well known. Furthermore, tamoxifen has estrogenic properties in the venous system, increasing the incidence of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary emboli. A new SERM (selective estrogen receptor modulator), raloxifene, has been approved for prevention and treatment of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. It does not have stimulatory effects on the endometrium; however, it is estrogenic in the venous system. Preclinical data, as well as the breast cancer incidence reported in studies of the skeleton, seem to indicate that its effects in the breast are similar to those of tamoxifen. This article reviews tamoxifen and the new SERM, raloxifene, in an attempt to help gynecologists better understand each compound and what data are currently known, what we hope to learn from future studies, and what currently makes sense for clinical practice.

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Recent studies have shown that the antiestrogens tamoxifen and raloxifene may protect against breast cancer, presumably because of a blockade of estrogen receptor (ER)-mediated transcription. Another possible explanation is that antiestrogen-liganded ER transcriptionally induces genes that are protective against cancer. We previously reported that antiestrogen-liganded ERbeta transcriptionally activates the major detoxifying enzyme quinone reductase (QR) [NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase]. It has been established that metabolites of estrogen, termed catecholestrogens, can form DNA adducts and cause oxidative DNA damage. We hypothesize that QR inhibits estrogen-induced DNA damage by detoxification of reactive catecholestrogens. We report here that physiological concentrations of 17beta-estradiol cause oxidative DNA damage, as measured by levels of 8- hydroxydeoxyguanine, in ER-positive MCF7 breast cancer cells, MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells (ERalpha negative/ERbeta positive) and nontumorigenic MCF10A breast epithelial cells (very low ER), which is dependent on estrogen metabolism. Estrogen-induced 8-hydroxydeoxyguanine was inversely correlated to QR and ERbeta levels and was followed by downstream induction of the DNA repair enzyme XPA. Trans-hydroxytamoxifen, raloxifene, and the pure antiestrogen ICI-182,780 protected against estradiol-mediated damage in breast cancer cells containing ERbeta. This is most likely due to the ability of these antiestrogens to activate expression of QR via ERbeta. We conclude that up-regulation of QR, either by overexpression or induction by tamoxifen, can protect breast cells against oxidative DNA damage caused by estrogen metabolites, representing a possible novel mechanism of tamoxifen prevention against breast cancer.

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Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) are small molecules that, depending on the end point measured, may either function as estrogen receptor (ER) agonists or antagonize estrogens' agonist activity. A key feature of SERMs is the inhibition of ER agonist action on the uterus and mammary gland, but the degree of antagonism varies among compounds and end points. Bazedoxifene is a SERM that is being clinically evaluated both as a monotherapy for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis and in combination with conjugated estrogens (CEs) for the treatment of menopausal symptoms and prevention of osteoporosis. The studies reported here compare the relative ER agonist and antagonist effects of three pharmacologically distinct SERMs (bazedoxifene, raloxifene, and lasofoxifene) on the ovariectomized mouse when administered alone or as a tissue-selective estrogen complex, a term used to describe the partnering of a SERM and one or more estrogens. At the minimum dose required to maximally reduce CE-stimulated uterine wet weight increase for each SERM, the degree of inhibition varied among the SERMs, with a rank order of bazedoxifene approximately raloxifene > lasofoxifene, in which only bazedoxifene was statistically similar to vehicle. In the mammary gland, in which amphiregulin mRNA and morphological effects were measured, bazedoxifene generally exhibited less agonist activity and was a more effective antagonist of CE than raloxifene or lasofoxifene. In summary, in an animal model evaluating estrogen-modulated uterine effects and mammary gland development, bazedoxifene exhibited less ER agonist activity than raloxifene or lasofoxifene, and, as a tissue-selective estrogen complex, bazedoxifene/CE demonstrated less mammary gland stimulation than raloxifene/CE and lasofoxifene/CE.

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Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) with estrogens (in non-hysterectomized women with estrogens and progestins) during the peri- and postmenopausal period has been widely applied for many years. On the basis of new data, HRT is currently being critically reviewed. HRT administered for up to 5 years to treat climacteric hot flashes, mood changes and sleep disturbances continues to be advocated and is largely safe. When HRT is used for longer periods, as required for the prevention of osteoporosis, a possible increase in the relative risk for breast cancer must be considered. Correctly applied in combination with an adequate dose of progestins, HRT can avoid an increase in the endometrial cancer risk. HRT is no longer recommended for secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease, and its use in primary prevention has not been convincingly demonstrated. The hoped-for efficacy of HRT in the prevention of Alzheimer's disease has not been confirmed by the data. Selective estrogen receptor modulators (e.g. Raloxifene) and biphosphonates are efficacious drugs for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. For women at risk of developing cardiovascular disease, changes in lifestyle, lipid-lowering drugs (statins), blood pressure control, use of acetylsalicylic acid, among others, have well-documented efficacy in primary and secondary prevention.

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A comparison between the atheroprotective and osteoprotective effects of the selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) raloxifene and those of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) has not been made in elderly women.

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The acetylcholine-induced responses obtained in the OVX were lower than those obtained in the SHAM, and all treatments restored this response. l-NAME reduced and equalized the acetylcholine-induced response in all groups. The attenuation of the acetylcholine-induced responses by aminoguanidine was greater in the OVX. Endothelial dysfunction in OVX was associated with oxidative stress and an increase in iNOS and decrease in eNOS expression. Except for the production of reactive oxidative species (ROS) in the OVX+tamoxifen, treatments improved the nitric oxide component of the relaxation response and normalized both the oxidative stress and the expression of those signaling pathway enzymes. Serum levels of TNF-α and IL-6 were increased in OVX, and treatments normalized these levels.

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There were no significant differences in the baseline characteristics between study groups. In comparison with raloxifene, follicle-stimulating hormone levels decreased significantly more in the 90-mg ospemifene group and sex hormone-binding globulin levels increased more in all ospemifene groups. Total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels decreased more in raloxifene than in ospemifene groups, although the difference in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol between 90-mg ospemifene and raloxifene was not significant. Endometrial thickness did not change in any study group and endometrial biopsies showed atrophy in the majority of subjects at 3 months. All ospemifene groups demonstrated a clear estrogenic effect on the vaginal epithelium, as seen in Pap smears. This was in sharp contrast to the raloxifene group, which had no effect on the vaginal epithelium. Kupperman index decreased in all study groups during treatment. The adverse events were mild, mainly single cases, and no clustering of events was observed. There were no clinically significant abnormal findings in laboratory safety parameters.

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While breast cancer risk can be calculated with a fair degree of accuracy, its impact on women's choices about chemoprevention is likely best assessed in tandem with women's feelings about developing breast cancer, whether within the context of a clinical trial or not.

evista dosage osteoporosis

Postmenopausal women with prevalent vertebral fractures had greater prevalence of depressive symptoms and probable depression as assessed by the GDS than women without vertebral fracture with low BMD. The dual diagnosis of depression and osteoporosis may mean worse health outcomes. Patients with prevalent vertebral fractures may be considered not only for interventions that address fracture risk reduction, but also for psychosocial interventions that address depressive symptoms.

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Although an increased risk of femoral shaft and subtrochanteric fractures are seen with the use of several types of bisphosphonates, the increased risk before the start of the drugs may point at an effect of the underlying disease being treated. The increased risk may, thus, perhaps be due to confounding by indication.

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In elderly women with osteoporosis, raloxifene treatment with vitamin D supplementation improves vaginal maturation index and vaginal pH.

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evista pill 2015-07-19

Compared with baseline, LS-BMD improved significantly with 1 year of therapy [0.72 g/cm(2) (0.62-0.87) vs. 0.74 g/cm(2) (0.63-0.97), P=0.02]. FN-BMD remained buy evista online stable [0.53 g/cm(2) (0.50-0.60) vs. 0.54 g/cm(2) (0.49-0.63), P=0.6]. Improvement in LS BMD was seen in patients on raloxifene but not in matched controls [0.02 g/cm(2) (0.01-0.10) vs. 0.00 g/cm(2) (-0.120-0.040), P=0.06)]. In conclusion, raloxifene appears safe and of benefit in preventing bone loss in patients with PBC. Larger studies with longer follow-up are warranted.

evista medication uses 2017-10-10

Serum sFasL decreased significantly in women receiving tibolone (baseline: 53.8±28.3 pg/ml, 6 months: 40.45±19.2 pg/ml, p =0.001), whilst sFas levels did not significantly change in this group. Serum sFas or sFasL did not change either in the raloxifene group or in the control group. Serum cyt-c concentrations were under the detection limit of buy evista online the assay in all women assessed.

evista generic 2017-05-24

Collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) is an often-used murine model for human rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Earlier studies have shown potent anti-arthritic effects with the female sex hormone estradiol and the selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) raloxifene in CIA in DBA/1-mice. B10.Q-ncf1*/*mice are B10.Q mice with a mutated Ncf1 gene. In B10.Q-ncf1*/*mice, CIA develops as a chronic relapsing disease, which more accurately mimics human RA. We investigated the role of endogenous and exogenous sex steroids and raloxifene buy evista online in the course of this model of chronic arthritis. We also examined whether treatment would prevent the development of inflammation-triggered generalized osteoporosis.

evista drug dosage 2017-04-09

The women who received raloxifene or hormonal replacement therapy had a significant time-related decrease in the resistance index of the ovarian artery blood flow compared to baseline values (resistance index, 0.91) starting after 12 and 18 months of treatment (resistance index, 0.88 and 0.89, respectively; P <.002 and.001, respectively). Whereas significant increases in the resistance index respective to the prestudy values were observed in the nontreated women at 24 months (resistance index, 0.93; P <.0001). The mean (+/-SD) resistance index of the ovarian blood flow at the end of the study (resistance index, 0.89) buy evista online was significantly lower in the women who were treated with raloxifene than in the women who were treated with hormone replacement therapy (P <.002). No changes in the ovarian dimensions or appearance were noticed during the entire study.

evista 60mg tablets 2015-11-08

A prospective comparative study. THP-1 cells, a human acute monocytic leukemia cell line, were used for the study. Migration assays were performed using transwell inserts. THP-1 cells were exposed to E2 or raloxifene in the presence of monocytic chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), a buy evista online major chemoattractant for monocytes. The cells were transfected with small interfering RNA (siRNA) against estrogen receptor (ER) alpha and ERbeta for gene silencing. ER expression was evaluated by Western blot analysis.

evista buy 2016-08-29

Ovariectomy produced a global deterioration involving both trabecular and cortical 3D-microarchitecture and vBMD. Raloxifene maintained both microarchitecture and vBMD, whereas estradiol prevented deterioration of some microstructural buy evista online parameters, such as trabecular thickness (Tb.Th), trabecular bone pattern factor (Tb.Pf), and cortical periosteal perimeter (Ct.Pe.Pm), but did not completely block the loss in vBMD. Mice treated with genistein exhibited the less favourable profile in both vBMD and microstructural parameters preserving only cross-sectional bone area (B.Ar) and Ct.Pe.Pm in cortical bone.

evista 10 mg 2017-12-12

The group receiving intranasal E2 showed a significant decrease in triglyceride levels (p<0.05) and a marked increase in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels (p buy evista online <0.05). No changes in lipid profile were observed in the raloxifene and placebo groups. Raloxifene caused a significant decrease in fibrinogen levels (p<0.05).

evista generic medication 2017-01-06

In order to determine the sequence-dependent interaction between MTA, 5-FU and RAL on proliferation, cell viability was carried out using the Quick Cell Proliferation Assay by exposing the HS-5 and MCF- buy evista online 7 cells to (i) MTA, 5-FU and RAL alone, or (ii) RAL 24 h prior to 5-FU followed 2 h later by MTA, or (iii) 5-FU 2 h prior to MTA followed 24 h later by RAL.

evista dosage forms 2015-02-14

Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have an increased risk of fracture. Raloxifene is a mild antiresorptive agent that reduces fracture risk in the general population. Here we assessed the impact of raloxifene on the skeletal properties of animals with buy evista online progressive CKD. Male Cy/+ rats that develop autosomal dominant cystic kidney disease were treated with either vehicle or raloxifene for five weeks. They were assessed for changes in mineral metabolism and skeletal parameters (microCT, histology, whole-bone mechanics, and material properties). Their normal littermates served as controls. Animals with CKD had significantly higher parathyroid hormone levels compared with normal controls, as well as inferior structural and mechanical skeletal properties. Raloxifene treatment resulted in lower bone remodeling rates and higher cancellous bone volume in the rats with CKD. Although it had little effect on cortical bone geometry, it resulted in higher energy to fracture and modulus of toughness values than vehicle-treated rats with CKD, achieving levels equivalent to normal controls. Animals treated with raloxifene had superior tissue-level mechanical properties as assessed by nanoindentation, and higher collagen D-periodic spacing as assessed by atomic force microscopy. Thus, raloxifene can positively impact whole-bone mechanical properties in CKD through its impact on skeletal material properties.

evista 30 mg 2017-09-13

Synthetic protocols for the preparation of selenium analogues of raloxifene were elaborated. General aim of the current research buy evista online is to improve the positive impact of selenium atom introduction in drug design. Antiproliferative activity on CCL-8 (mouse sarcoma), MDA-MB-435s (human melanoma), MES-SA (human uterus sarcoma), MCF-7 (human breast adenocarcinoma), HT-1080 (human fibrosarcoma), MG-22A (mouse hepatoma) tumor cell lines, and normal cell line NIH 3T3 (mouse fibroblasts) was studied. Influence of aminoethoxy "tail" and benzoyl group position on SAR was discussed. Results of in vivo studies on BALB/c female mice with 4T1 cell induced breast cancer model showed that selenium analogue of raloxifene is able to suppress estrogen-depending tumor growth.

evista drug interactions 2017-05-10

In a multicenter, double-blind study, 54 healthy postmenopausal women were randomized to receive either continuous treatment with 2 mg 17beta-estradiol plus 1 mg norethisterone acetate (n=30) or 60 mg raloxifene (n=24) daily for buy evista online 12 months. Blood samples were collected at baseline and at 3, 6 and 12 months to evaluate therapy effects on some haemostasis variables (factor VII, factor VIII, prothrombin fragments 1 and 2, protein C, protein C activity, protein S, thrombin-antithrombin complex, D-dimer, antithrombin, fibrinogen and plasminogen activator inhibitor).

evista drug cost 2017-02-13

We report the modulatory effects of chronic oral LY139481 (raloxifene) on basal release of nitric oxide (NO) and mRNA levels of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) in rat thoracic aorta. Constrictor dose-response curves to phenylephrine were generated before and after pretreatment with N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), an inhibitor of NO synthase. Aortic segments were obtained from four groups of rats gavaged orally for 21 days: (i) ovariectomized, (ii) sham, (iii) ovariectomized estradiol-treated, and (iv) ovariectomized raloxifene-treated. Intact aortic rings from sham rats and ovariectomized rats receiving raloxifene and estrogen showed a greater potentiation of the phenylephrine responses after L-NAME. Semi-quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase buy evista online chain reaction indicated a gender-based difference in eNOS mRNA expression in thoracic aorta. Moreover, we demonstrated that eNOS mRNA expression in the upper thoracic aorta was significantly higher in treatment groups. These results show that chronically administered raloxifene is exerting a potentially important vasculo-protective effect by stimulating eNOS expression.

evista medication generic 2015-04-25

To investigate the effects of buy evista online raloxifene on the hemostatic system in postmenopausal women.

evista pill identification 2017-06-21

The therapeutic efficacy of tamoxifen (TAM) in cancer therapy is thought to arise primarily from its ability to compete with estrogens for binding to the estrogen receptor (ER). We show that TAM and its buy evista online active metabolite, 4-hydroxytamoxifen (OHT), can actively induce programmed cell death through distinct ER-dependent and ER-independent pathways. The ER-independent pathway is activated by 10-20 microm TAM and OHT and by 10-20 microm 17beta-estradiol and raloxifene, and occurs in ER-negative cells. The ER dependence of a second pathway, caused by submicromolar concentrations of TAM and OHT, was demonstrated by the ability of the ER ligands 17beta-estradiol, raloxifene, and ICI 182,780 to effectively block the cell death-inducing effects of TAM and OHT. Because the p38-specific inhibitor SB203580 blocks OHT.ER-induced cell death, stress kinase pathways are likely involved. ER-independent cell death triggers classic caspase-dependent apoptosis. However, although OHT.ER triggers some hallmarks of apoptosis, including Bax translocation and cytochrome c release, the absence of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase cleavage or DNA laddering indicates that the death pathway involved is caspase-independent. The OHT.ER-dependent cell death pathway appears to diverge from classical apoptosis at the level of caspase 9 activation. The ability to promote ER-dependent programmed cell death represents a novel activity of TAM and OHT.

evista cost comparison 2016-01-06

To investigate the effect of long-term treatment with raloxifene on pelvic organ prolapse Kemadrin Drug Classification and urinary incontinence.

evista 50 mg 2017-08-17

In the Raloxifene Use for the Heart (RUTH) trial, 10,101 postmenopausal women from 177 sites in 26 countries at increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) (primary prevention cohort) or with CHD (secondary prevention cohort) were randomized Imodium Overdose to placebo or raloxifene 60 mg/day and followed for a median 5.6 years. Reports of clinical symptoms of VTE were assessed. Concomitant use of antiplatelet agents (aspirin, clopidogrel, ticlopidine, dipyridamole) was allowed. Cox proportional hazard models, with use of warfarin, presence of fracture, and hospitalization as covariates, were used to estimate hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI).

evista osteoporosis reviews 2015-06-07

There are several million breast cancer survivors worldwide. In the United States, 180,000 women were diagnosed with breast cancer in 1997, and approximately 97,000 of these women have an extremely low chance of suffering a recurrence of their cancer. With an average age at diagnosis Cialis Pharmacy Cost of 60 years and a 25-year expected duration of survival, the current number of breast cancer survivors in the United States may approach 2.5 million women. Since breast cancer is now being detected at an earlier stage than previously and since adjuvant chemotherapy may cause ovarian failure, an increasing number of women are becoming postmenopausal at a younger age after breast cancer treatment. This conference was convened in September 1997 to consider how menopausal breast cancer survivors should be treated at the present time and what future studies are needed to develop improved therapeutic strategies. A total of 47 breast cancer experts and 13 patient advocates participated. The proceedings of the conference are being published in six installments in successive issues of ONCOLOGY. This fifth part examines the potential role of antiestrogens and selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) in breast cancer patients being treated for estrogen deficiency symptoms.

evista tab 60mg 2017-03-12

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of raloxifene on leptin and insulin-like growth factor-I levels and their relation Norvasc Mg with the biochemical markers of bone metabolism in postmenopausal women.

evista medicine 2016-01-21

Six women in Nexium Cost the treatment arm and eight women in the placebo group discontinued the study. Mean serum MDA levels were significantly (p = 0.001) decreased from 11.4 nmol/ml at baseline to 8.9 nmol/ml at week 12 with raloxifene treatment. Mean erythrocyte SOD activity was significantly (p = 0.02) reduced from 1472 U/g Hb at baseline to 1173 U/g Hb at week 12 following raloxifene administration. Lowered serum MDA and erythrocyte SOD levels persisted during treatment. On contrary, erythrocyte GPx levels did not change significantly with raloxifene administration.

evista dosage 2016-03-03

Macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) and interleukin-18 (IL-18) are cytokines expressed predominantly in atheromatous plaque, and overproduction of these has been found to be associated with coronary artery disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of raloxifene, a selective estrogen receptor modulator Lexapro Generic , on serum M-CSF and IL-18 levels, cytokines that are presumably involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis.

evista online 2017-02-19

New cases of histopathologically confirmed breast cancer in the treatment and placebo groups, stratified by estradiol levels.

evista generic alternative 2015-12-11

Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) improves endothelial function in postmenopausal women while the effects of raloxifene, a selective estrogen receptor modulator, are still under debate. The aim of this study was to evaluate endothelium-dependent flow-mediated vasodilatation in the brachial artery and plasma levels of nitrite, nitrate and endothelin-1 in 20 postmenopausal women with increased cardiovascular risk treated with either HRT or raloxifene for 4 weeks in a randomized double-blind single cross-over study. Patients had an endothelium-dependent flow-mediated dilatation of 4% prior to initiation of the study. Treatment with HRT resulted in a 67% increase in dilatation compared with baseline (from a 7.4% increase to a 12.4% increase, p < 0.01). Raloxifene treatment resulted in no change in vasodilatation from baseline. Endothelium-dependent dilatation was significantly improved by HRT compared with raloxifene treatment (12.4+/-0.6% vs. 6.1+/-2.0%; p < 0.01). Compared with baseline values, nitrate plus nitrite levels increased significantly (p < 0.05) with HRT but not with raloxifene. Similarly, endothelin-1 decreased from baseline with both treatments, but only the HRT-induced decrease was statistically significant (p < 0.05). In conclusion, HRT improved endothelial function and reduced plasma levels of endothelin-1 in postmenopausal women at risk of coronary artery disease. These beneficial effects were not shared by raloxifene.

evista alternative medicine 2015-01-10

Extended gaps in treatment are common among users of osteoporosis medications. Because the effectiveness of these drugs used in an interrupted way is unknown, compliance interventions should emphasize the need for continuous medication use. Further research is needed to understand why patients often go for months without refilling prescriptions and also whether similar utilization patterns exist for other chronic medications.

generic evista osteoporosis 2017-03-08

To assess the comprehensive effects of raloxifene hydrochloride on retinal, choroidal and retrobulbar hemodynamics and on visual function in post-menopausal women.

evista drug price 2017-12-18

To discuss current ideas about therapy for endometriosis derived from new observations generated by using molecular biology techniques and in vivo animal models of disease.

evista usual dosage 2017-10-16

The aim of this study was to improve the physicochemical properties and bioavailability of a poorly water-soluble drug, raloxifene by solid dispersion (SD) nanoparticles using the spray-drying technique. These spray-dried SD nanoparticles were prepared with raloxifene (RXF), polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) and Tween 20 in water. Reconstitution of optimized RXF-loaded SD nanoparticles in pH 1.2 medium showed a mean particle size of approximately 180 nm. X-ray diffraction and differential scanning calorimetry indicated that RXF existed in an amorphous form within spray-dried nanoparticles. The optimized formulation showed an enhanced dissolution rate of RXF at pH 1.2, 4.0, 6.8 and distilled water as compared to pure RXF powder. The improved dissolution of raloxifene from spray-dried SD nanoparticles appeared to be well correlated with enhanced oral bioavailability of raloxifene in rats. Furthermore, the pharmacokinetic parameters of the spray-dried SD nanoparticles showed increased AUC(0-∞) and C(max) of RXF by approximately 3.3-fold and 2.3-fold, respectively. These results suggest that the preparation of RXF-SD nanoparticles using the spray drying technique without organic solvents might be a promising approach for improving the oral bioavailability of RXF.

evista 600 mg 2015-03-11

The aim was to investigate patient compliance with different osteoporosis medications commonly prescribed in clinical practice, to determine risk factors associated with discontinuation and to evaluate quality of life changes.

evista medication dosage 2016-03-02

The bone mineral density of each group reached a peak 20 days after operation, showing a significant difference between groups A, B and C and group D (P < 0.05), and no significant differences among groups A, B and C (P > 0.05). On the 30th and 50th postoperative day, the maximum failure load and the maximum displacement of groups A, B and C were greater than those of group D (P < 0.05), but no significant differences among groups A, B and C were evident (P > 0.05). On the 7th, 20th and 30th postoperative day, the X-ray score of fracture healing of groups A, B and C was greater than group D (P < 0.05); on the 50th postoperative day, there was significant difference between groups B and C and group D, and between group A and group C (P < 0.05), and no significant difference was evident between group B and group C (P > 0.05). The percentage of new bone formation in the fractured area of groups A, B and C was greater than that of group D on the 30th and 50th postoperative day (P < 0.05). For the type II collagen protein secretion in the fractured area, groups B and C were superior to group D on the 30th postoperative day (P < 0.05), and there was no significant difference between group A and group D (P > 0.05); no significant differences among four groups were evident on the 50th postoperative day (P > 0.05). On the 10th, 30th and 50th postoperative day, the serum osteocalcin of groups A, B, C and D was higher than that of normal control (P < 0.05), groups B and C were higher than group D (P < 0.05), and there was no significant difference between groups A, B and C, and between group A and group D (P > 0.05). For the plasma cholesterol, on the 30th postoperative day, no significant change was detected in each group (P > 0.05); on the 50th postoperative day, obvious decrease was observed in groups A, B and C, showing a significant difference compared with group D (P < 0.05). On the 30th and 50th postoperative day, there was significant difference between groups B and C and group D in serum estradiol (P < 0.05), and no significant differences were evident among other groups (P > 0.05). On the 30th and 50th postoperative day, the ratio of uterine weight to body weight in groups B and C was less than that of group D (P < 0.05), and no significant difference was evident between group A and group C (P > 0.05).

low cost evista 2017-03-06

There was a statistically significant difference between the mean basilar artery cross-sectional areas and the mean arterial wall thickness measurements of the control and SAH-only groups (P < .05). The difference between the mean basilar artery cross-sectional areas and the mean arterial wall thickness measurements in the RLX-treated group was statistically significant (P < .05). The difference between the SAH group and the SAH + RLX group was also statistically significant (P < .05).

evista drug 2016-03-04

Raloxifene did not inhibit the growth of endometrial cancer cells in vitro. High concentrations even promoted cell growth. Estradiol in physiologic concentrations did not stimulate the growth of endometrial cancer cells in vitro.

evista overdose 2015-07-09

We used an osteopenic adult ovariectomized (OVX) rat model to evaluate various sequential treatments for osteoporosis, using FDA-approved agents with complementary tissue-level mechanisms of action. Sequential treatment for 3 months each with alendronate (Aln), followed by PTH, followed by resumption of Aln, created the highest trabecular bone mass, best microarchitecture, and highest bone strength.

evista drug uses 2015-03-02

The most devastating consequence of osteoporosis is bone fracture, particularly at the vertebral or femoral level. As defined by the WHO, patients with osteoporosis who have had one or more fragility fractures have severe osteoporosis. Those who sustain a vertebral fracture represent a particularly vulnerable group whose risk of another vertebral fracture within the following year is increased by a factor of 3-5. In addition, the presence of a vertebral fracture is associated with an increased risk of hip fracture. In light of these data, treatment of established osteoporosis is extremely important to prevent other fragility fractures. This review examines the therapies approved by the US FDA for the treatment of osteoporosis that have been shown to reduce the incidence of new fractures in patients with established osteoporosis. We evaluated the mechanisms of action, available formulations, efficacy in preventing fractures and increasing bone mineral density (BMD), duration of treatment, adverse effects and contraindications to use of alendronic acid (alendronate), risedronic acid (risedronate), calcitonin, raloxifene and teriparatide. All these drugs are able to prevent new vertebral fractures in patients with established osteoporosis. Only alendronic acid and risedronic acid have also been shown to reduce the risk of fracture at the femoral level, but they are contraindicated in patients with upper gastrointestinal diseases. Calcitonin is a good option in subjects with back pain because of its analgesic effect. Raloxifene is useful when patients have high plasma lipid levels or a family history of breast cancer. Teriparatide is indicated in subjects with very low BMD and multiple vertebral fractures. Patient characteristics should determine selection of therapy but the decision is always difficult and fraught with uncertainty.

evista 60 mg 2016-08-02

The aim of this study was to investigate the beneficial effect of long-term treatment with raloxifene (RAL), a selective estrogen receptor modulator, on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) injury in ovariectomized (Ovx) rats.

evista generic name 2017-10-17

This study involved a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, active-controlled, noninferiority trial in 500 osteopenic postmenopausal women comparing transdermal microdose E2 (0.014 mg/d) versus oral raloxifene (60 mg/d), administered for 2 years. Percent change from baseline in bone mineral density at the lumbar spine was measured after 2 years of treatment. Secondary endpoints included proportion of women with no loss of bone mineral density in lumbar spine, change in bone mineral density at hip, biochemical markers of bone turnover, and safety parameters.

evista generic price 2016-04-18

To determine the effects of raloxifene on sexual function in postmenopausal women with pre-existing vaginal atrophy treated with vaginal estrogen cream.

evista patient reviews 2017-05-02

A new class of compounds known as selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) may possess the optimal combination of characteristics desirable in a drug designed for use in postmenopausal women. Among this class of compounds, raloxifene is the most studied and is currently available for clinical use in some countries for the prevention of osteoporosis in post-menopausal women. Raloxifene is a non-steroidal benzotiophene derivative shown to prevent bone loss at axial and appendicular sites and reduce serum cholesterol, like estrogen, in oophorectomized rats and in postmenopausal women. In animal models, unlike estrogen, raloxifene does not stimulate breast or uterine tissues. These appealing attributes make raloxifene a potential treatment for osteoporosis and other menopause related risks in middle aged and elderly women. Multicenter studies have been performed in early postmenopausal women, randomly assigned to receive raloxifene 30, 60, or 150 mg/day or placebo. All subjects received a calcium supplement. Bone mineral density, which was measured twice a year over 24 months by dual X-ray absorptiometry, decreased significantly at all skeletal sites with placebo, and significantly increased with raloxifene at the spine, hip, and total body at the three doses. At 24 months, the mean increase with raloxifene 60 mg compared with placebo was 2.4% at the lumbar spine and at the total hip, and 2% at the total body. Markers of bone formation (serum osteocalcin and bone specific alkaline phosphatase) and of resorption (urinary CrossLaps) decreased significantly to the premenopausal range within 3-6 months of treatment with raloxifene. In addition, total serum and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol decreased significantly in all raloxifene therapy groups in a dose-related fashion. Serum HDL-cholesterol and triglycerides were not significantly changed by therapy. The most commonly observed side-effect was hot flushes, with patients taking raloxifene reporting a slightly higher rate of flushes (25%) than those on placebo (18%). This adverse event usually occurred within the first few months of therapy, was generally mild, and did not result in excess study dropout (raloxifene 1.5%, placebo 2.1%). Preliminary 2-year data indicated that raloxifene is not associated with an increased risk of breast cancer. In summary, the clinical efficacy and safety of raloxifene is very promising and this compound will offer a particularly attractive choice for postmenopausal women.