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Zofran

Generic Zofran is used for preventing nausea and vomiting due to cancer chemotherapy or surgery. It may also be used for other conditions.

Other names for this medication:

Similar Products:
Dexamethasone, Scopolamine, Anzemet

 

Also known as:  Ondansetron.

Description

Generic Zofran is used for preventing nausea and vomiting due to cancer chemotherapy or surgery. It may also be used for other conditions.

Generic Zofran is a serotonin 5-HT3 receptor blocker. It works by blocking a chemical thought to be a cause of nausea and vomiting in certain situations (e.g., chemotherapy).

Zofran is also known as Ondansetron, Vomiof, Danzetron, Ondaz.

Generic name of Generic Zofran is Ondansetron.

Brand name of Generic Zofran is Zofran.

Dosage

Take each dose with a full glass of water.

Take Generic Zofran with food or an antacid to lessen stomach discomfort.

If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Generic Zofran suddenly.

Overdose

If you overdose Generic Zofran and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.

Storage

Store at temperature between 2 and 30 degrees C (36 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Zofran are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.

Contraindications

Do not take Generic Zofran if you are allergic to Generic Zofran components.

Be careful with Generic Zofran if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother.

Generic Zofran should be used with extreme caution in children younger than 4 months old. Safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed.

Avoid alcohol.

Do not stop taking Generic Zofran suddenly.

zofran 16 mg

Combination antiemetics added to PCA reduced emetic symptoms after abdominal surgery.

zofran maximum dosing

All 11 PREDICT sites participated. Nine CPGs were available with three sites using a common CPG. For moderate dehydration, eight CPGs advocated nasogastric (NG) rehydration in preference to intravenous (IV) rehydration. The IV route was reserved for severe dehydration or failed NG rehydration. In the second component of the survey, 78 of 83 (94%) physicians responded. In moderate dehydration, 82% of respondents used NG rehydration. In severe dehydration, 86% used IV fluids; 12% used NG and 3% an initial IV bolus followed by NG fluid. Serum electrolytes were measured universally with IV fluid use and by 22% using NG rehydration. The IV fluid bolus was with normal saline (86%). Fifty-four per cent used anti-emetics 'rarely' or 'sometimes'. The commonest agents were ondansetron (60%) and metoclopramide (29%).

zofran renal dosing

We established new congenic model with distinct pharmacogenetic profile related to metabolic effects of ondansetron, facilitating thus the search for responsible genetic variants within the limited genomic region demarcated by the differential segment.

dosage zofran children

Compared with group S, the incidence of maternal hypotension was significantly lower in groups O4 and O6 (P < 0.05). The umbilical venous pH was significantly higher in group O4 (P < 0.05); while the partial pressure of carbon dioxide (Pco2) was significantly lower in groups O4, O6, and O8 (P < 0.05); and the bicarbonate (Hco3 (-)) and base excess in extracellular fluid (BEecf) were significantly lower in groups O6 and O8 (P < 0.05). Moreover, minimal changes of systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and mean arterial blood pressure were observed in group O4 (P < 0.05).

zofran medication pregnancy

LPB resulted in statistically significant reductions in PACU resting pain after hip arthroscopy, but the absence of improvement in most secondary outcomes suggests that assessment of risks and benefits of LPB should be individualized.

zofran drug test

Highly 5-HT(3)-receptor-specific antiemetic agents may have different effects on ion transport of tumour cells during treatment with cytotoxic drugs. Cell volume regulation, which is dependent on potassium ion (K(+)) flux, is involved the control of cell growth, proliferation, and apoptosis. K(+)-flux response mechanisms to the antiemetics ondansetron and granisetron were therefore correlated to malignant glioma cell (Mg251) volume response to estramustine phosphate (EMP) in vitro.

zofran otc dosage

It is important that negative, as well as positive, studies be published to complete the available picture in areas of scientific inquiry. At the same time, it is critical that the implications of a negative study not be overstated and generalized when major issues of study design and data accuracy may be the reason that no relationship was discovered. The challenge of avoiding type II errors in interpreting negative findings has major public health implications, especially when the relationship of an exposure to birth defects is the concern. This is particularly important when interpreting the report by Fazio et al. (June issue of Reproductive Toxicology) on the relationship of ondansetron exposure to pregnancy outcome and birth defects. This review addresses the study design and conclusions and suggests that an alternative concluding statement would be more apropos, given the limitations of the data.

zofran 8mg dosage

One hundred and forty patients were enrolled in four groups to receive midazolam 0.75 mg/kg in group M, ondansetron 4 mg in group O, midazolam 0.75 mg/kg and ondansetron 4 mg in group MO, and saline 0.90% in group S intravenously just before anesthesia. Assessment of nausea, vomiting, rescue antiemetic, and side effects of study drugs such as headache and dizziness was carried out postoperatively for 24 h.

zofran dose pediatric

To assess the efficacy and safety of intravenous ondansetron (4 mg) for the prevention of nausea and vomiting after middle ear surgery under local anesthesia.

zofran 50 mg

To study the enhancement by dexamethasone of the effect of ondansetron and tropiesetron against postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in patients receiving patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) and observe the effect of dexamethasone on wound healing.

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A clinical trial.

zofran dosing

The six groups did not significantly differ, regarding their gender, weight or age. Propofol injection pain was less in L and G groups, in comparison with the others (P ≤ 0.001). By analyzing the hemodynamic changes, it was observed that the least amount of change in mean arterial pressure was observed in the paracetamol group.

zofran mg pregnancy

In the present study, azasetron showed inferiority in the control of delayed chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting compared with ondansetron whereas safety profiles were similar between the two groups.

zofran with alcohol

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a prevalent functional gastrointestinal disorder which represents a major cost to healthcare services. IBS-D patients represent about one-third of the IBS population and are currently treated with antispasmodics, loperamide, bile acid sequestrants and antidepressants. Alosetron and rifaximin are also available in USA, ramosetron in Japan, Korea and Thailand and ondansetron as an off-label treatment. Areas covered: This article focuses on eluxadoline, a novel pharmacological agent that has recently been approved by both the FDA and EMA for treatment of patients with IBS-D. Expert commentary: The efficacy and safety of eluxadoline in treating bowel habit alterations and pain, both in the short and long-term, make the drug a welcome addition to our therapeutic alternatives in IBS-D. Its positioning in any IBS algorithm will depend on the 'real world' prevalence of the small risk of sphincter of Oddi spasm and mild pancreatitis.

zofran 5 mg

The 5-HT3 receptor antagonists are the most potent antiemetics known at present. Lerisetron is a new 5-HT3 receptor antagonist chemically unrelated to other antagonists like Ondansetron. An emesis model in the dog induced by irradiation with 60Co was used, and 8 Gy were administered over the total body surface. An irradiated control group was established and received no medication, and two irradiated groups received treatment with either Ondansetron or Lerisetron. The 'up-down' technique was employed to determine the effective dose (ED50). A logarithmic-scale was used to increase or decrease the doses in each case. The initial doses were 300 microg/kg for Ondansetron and 100 microg/kg for Lerisetron. All animals in the control group vomited. The ED50 of Ondansetron was 178+/-151 microg/kg body wt and that of Lerisetron was 63+/-18 microg/kg. Lerisetron is more potent and presented less individual variability than Ondansetron, but its antiemetic effects were equally effective.

zofran drug class

Post-operative nausea and vomiting is one of the most common and distressing complications after anesthesia and surgery. It may lead to serious post-operative complications. Ramosetron is a newer 5-HT3 receptor antagonist and has more potent and longer duration of antiemetic effects compared to first generation 5HT3 receptor antagonists. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of Ramosetron for the prevention of post-operative nausea and vomiting with that of Ondansetron in patients undergoing abdominal surgeries under general anesthesia.

dosage zofran

The present work was to fabricate and evaluate ondansetron-loaded microbeads by using chitosan as mucoadhesive and sustained release polymer. Sodium tripolyphosphate (Na-TPP) was used as a cross-linking agent. The microbeads were successfully prepared by ionotropic gelation technique. The particle size, entrapment efficiency, and mucoadhesive strength of drug-loaded formulations was measured by an optical microscope, direct crushing method, and in vitro wash-off method, respectively.

zofran max dose

The beta-adrenoceptor antagonist as well as serotonin 5-HT1 receptor antagonist, (-)alprenolol, was found to potentiate the disrupting effect of the noncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonist, dizocilpine, on prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the acoustic startle response (ASR) in the rat. The facilitating effect of dizocilpine on ASR amplitude was also potentiated by (-)alprenolol. (-)Alprenolol by itself did not affect either of these measures. These effects did not seem to be related to the unselective beta-adrenoceptor antagonist property of (-)alprenolol, since combined pretreatment with the beta1- and beta2-adrenoceptor antagonists, metoprolol and ICI 118551, did not alter the effects of dizocilpine on startle behaviour. However, a serotonergic influence was suggested by the fact that a facilitating effect of dizocilpine on ASR amplitude was also obtained by pretreatment with the 5-HT precursor, L-5-HTP, in benserazide-pretreated rats. Furthermore, pretreatment with the 5-HT2 selective receptor antagonist, MDL 100907, significantly reduced the (-)alprenolol-induced potentiation of the effects of dizocilpine on startle behaviour, while the 5-HT3 selective receptor antagonist, ondansetron, failed to do that. Finally, the (-)alprenolol-induced potentiation of the effects of dizocilpine was significantly reduced by pretreatment with the atypical antipsychotic, clozapine, and by the potential antipsychotic and selective dopamine D2 receptor antagonist, raclopride. This study suggests that altered 5-HT activity may influence the effects of psychotomimetic drugs such as dizocilpine on sensorimotor function, and this observation may have implications for the pharmacological treatment of schizophrenia in humans.

zofran generic cost

Two reviewers independently assessed trial quality and extracted data. Study authors were contacted for additional information. Adverse effects data was collected from the studies.

zofran generic image

The maximum potentiation induced by 5-HT in neurogenic overactive detrusor muscle was reduced (P < 0.05) by about half compared to normal detrusor muscle, but EC50 values obtained in normal and overactive tissue were not significantly different. Cisapride was less potent than 5-HT and acted as a partial agonist relative to 5-HT. The selective 5-HT4 receptor antagonist RS-100235 was a potent antagonist of the 5-HT-induced potentiation of responses to EFS. At 3 nmol/L RS-100235 antagonized the effects of 5-HT in both groups of tissues without affecting the maximum responses. The affinity estimates (apparent pKB values of 9.2-9.5) for this antagonist were similar in normal and overactive detrusor muscle.

zofran 2 mg

The neurobiological basis of alcohol dependence, established pharmacotherapies for alcohol dependence, pharmacotherapies under investigation, and obstacles to treatment are discussed.

zofran generic picture

Routes of administration for medications and fluids in the acute care setting have primarily focused on oral, intravenous, or intraosseous routes, but, in many patients, none of these routes is optimal. A novel device (Macy Catheter; Hospi Corp) that offers an easy route for administration of medications or fluids via rectal mucosal absorption (proctoclysis) has recently become available in the palliative care market; we describe here the first known uses of this device in the emergency setting. Three patients presenting to the hospital with conditions limiting more typical routes of medication or fluid administration were treated with this new device; patients were administered water for hydration, lorazepam for treatment of alcohol withdrawal, ondansetron for nausea, acetaminophen for fever, aspirin for antiplatelet effect, and methimazole for hyperthyroidism. Placement of the device was straightforward, absorption of administered medications (judged by immediacy of effects, where observable) was rapid, and use of the device was well tolerated by patients, suggesting that this device may be an appealing alternative route to medication and fluid administration for a variety of indications in acute and critical care settings.

zofran dose pediatrics

This phase III study was designed to compare the combination paclitaxel (Taxol)-gemcitabine (PG) versus carboplatin-gemcitabine (CG) in patients with advanced inoperable non-small-cell lung cancer.

zofran medicine

Searches were done in MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials to identify studies comparing 5-HT3 receptor antagonists with each other, placebo, and/or other antiemetic agents for patients undergoing surgical procedures. Screening search results, data abstraction, and risk of bias assessment were conducted by two reviewers independently. Random-effects pairwise meta-analysis and network meta-analysis (NMA) were conducted. PROSPERO registry number: CRD42013003564.

zofran 3 mg

Sixty-six parturients (American Society of Anesthesiologist physical status I-II) scheduled for elective cesarean section were randomized to receive intravenous ondansetron 4 mg (Group O, n = 32) or glycopyrrolate 0.2 mg (Group G, n = 31) before spinal anesthesia. Outcome measures studied were emesis, episodes of hypotension and bradycardia and pain, till 10 h postoperative. Statistical software used was Epi Info 7 and Microsoft Excel.

zofran drug interactions

Compared to ondansetron alone, ondansetron plus betahistine was more effective to prevent PONV and dizziness in high-risk patients undergoing laparoscopic gynecological surgery.

pediatric zofran dose

Electronic databases were systematically searched for randomized controlled trials examining the role of ondansetron in cholestatic or uremic pruritus between 1966 and 2008.

zofran pills

This study was a multi-center, prospective, randomized, double-dummy, double-blind and parallel-group trial involving 12 institutions in Korea between May 2005 and December 2005. A total of 265 patients with moderately and highly emetogenic chemotherapy were included and randomly assigned to either the azasetron or ondansetron group. All patients received azasetron (10 mg intravenously) and dexamethasone (20 mg intravenously) on day 1 and dexamethasone (4 mg orally every 12 hours) on days 2-4. The azasetron group received azasetron (10 mg orally) with placebo of ondansetron (orally every 12 hours), and the ondansetron group received ondansetron (8 mg orally every 12 hours) with placebo of azasetron (orally) on days 2-6.

zofran 6 mg

In an outbreak of waterborne giardiasis where 1300 subjects were diagnosed, with Giardia lamblia, 139 continued to have abdominal symptoms of whom two of three had negative stool culture and microscopy. These were considered to have a postinfectious functional gastrointestinal disorder. We investigated visceral hypersensitivity in patients with persisting abdominal symptoms after Giardia infection and assessed the effect of 5HT(3)-antagonist ondansetron. Twenty-two patients with Giardia negative stools and 19 controls were included. A subset of patients (n = 15) had both irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and functional dyspepsia (FD). All subjects underwent a satiety test with a soup combined with three-dimensional ultrasound. Fifteen of 22 patients underwent double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study with the 5-HT(3) antagonist ondansetron given orally. Drinking capacity was lower in patients than in controls (P < 0.01) and gastric emptying was reduced (P < 0.05). Patients had more symptoms both fasting and postprandially (P < 0.001) compared to controls. Ondansetron had no effect on these parameters except from less nausea postprandially (P < 0.05). In conclusion, patients with Giardia-induced gastrointestinal symptoms developed both IBS and FD. They exhibited gastric hypersensitivity with lower drinking capacity and delayed gastric emptying. The 5-HT(3) antagonist ondansetron did not improve drinking capacity, gastric emptying or symptoms except nausea.

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zofran medication uses 2016-02-10

Direct costs included drug acquisition, drug delivery, equipment used in managing vomiting, and additional nursing time costs. Indirect costs included drugs and materials used to treat persistent nausea and/or vomiting and the side effects of prophylactic drugs, increased time spent in the postanesthesia care unit, unanticipated hospitalization, and lost earnings due to hospitalization. Separate models were created for patients with both nausea and vomiting and with isolated nausea. The total incremental costs associated with the prophylactic use of ondansetron, metoclopramide, and droperidol were $37.74, $28.43, and $18.17 per patient, respectively. The costs per emesis-free patient with the prophylactic use of ondansetron, metoclopramide, and droperidol, were $55.91, $71.08, and $30.15, respectively, and per nausea-free patient $68.93, $82.74, and $33.52, respectively. Prophylactic antiemetic therapy was cost-effective for operations with a high frequency of emesis, whereas treatment of established symptoms was more cost-effective when the frequency was lower. For ondansetron, prophylactic use was cost-effective only when buy zofran online the frequency of emesis exceeded 33%, whereas prophylactic droperidol was cost-effective even if the frequency was 10%.

zofran daily dose 2016-07-28

Minks were randomly divided into the normal group, cisplatin group, cisplatin + ondansetron group, cisplatin + buy zofran online low-dose XBXT group and cisplatin + high-dose XBXT group. The antiemetic effect of drugs was investigated in the vomiting model of minks induced by cisplatin (6mgkg(-1), i.p.) in 72h observation, and the expression of NK(1)-R in the area postrema and ileum was measured by Western blot.

zofran kids dose 2016-01-30

Office-based surgery has become increasingly popular because of buy zofran online its cost-saving potential. However, the occurrence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) can delay patient discharge. Prophylaxis using a combination of antiemetic drugs has been suggested as an effective strategy for minimizing PONV. The authors designed this randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study to assess the efficacy of ondansetron and dolasetron when administered in combination with droperidol and dexamethasone for routine antiemetic prophylaxis against PONV in the office-based surgery setting.

zofran yellow pill 2015-09-23

The treatment success rate was higher in the ondansetron group than in the placebo group (80% v 36%, P < .001). Among the successfully treated patients, the recurrence rates of moderate to severe pruritus within 4 hours after administration of ondansetron and placebo were 12% and 70%, respectively (P < .001). The number of patients with decreased nausea and vomiting score was also higher in the ondansetron group (11 v 1 buy zofran online , P < .006).

pediatric zofran dosage 2016-01-07

The mechanism of interaction of ondansetron hydrochloride (OND) to serum albumins [bovine serum albumin (BSA) and human serum albumin (HSA)] was studied for the first time employing buy zofran online fluorimetric, circular dichroism, FTIR and UV-vis absorption techniques under the simulated physiological conditions. Fluorimetric results were utilized to investigate the binding and conformational characteristics of protein upon interaction with varying concentrations of the drug. Higher binding constant values revealed the strong interaction between the drug and protein while the number of binding sites close to unity indicated single class of binding site for OND in protein. Thermodynamic results revealed that both hydrogen bond and hydrophobic interactions played a major role in stabilizing drug-protein complex. Site marker competitive experiments indicated that the OND bound to albumins at subdomin II A (Sudlow's site I). Further, the binding distance between OND and serum albumin was calculated based on the Förster's theory of non-radioactive energy transfer and found to be 2.30 and 3.41 nm, respectively for OND-BSA and OND-HSA. The circular dichroism data revealed that the presence of OND decreased the α-helix content of serum albumins. 3D-fluorescence results also indicated the conformational changes in protein upon interaction with OND. Further, the effects of some cations have been investigated in the interaction of drug to protein.

zofran overdose 2015-03-16

We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical questions: What are buy zofran online the effects of interventions to prevent acute gastroenteritis in children? What are the effects of treatments for acute gastroenteritis in children? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to March 2010 (Clinical Evidence reviews are updated periodically; please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this review). We included harms alerts from relevant organisations such as the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the UK Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA).

zofran max dosage 2017-01-31

Ten studies involving 4 376 oncology patients were included. They were all high quality studies, with Jadad scores more than 5. The results of meta-analysis were as follows: (1) Acute CINV: The overall complete response rate was improved by 14.21% when aprepitant was combined with ondansetron and dexamethasone (83.33% vs 72.96%; P<0.001). Subgroup analysis showed the patients receiving AC (anthracycline/cyclophosphamide) regimen benefited less than the patients receiving cisplatin chemotherapy. The rate of no significant nausea was only improved by 3.92% (P=0.04). (2) Delayed CINV: Compared with ondansetron, aprepitant could improve vomiting by 14.98% (P=0.004). When aprepitant was added with dexamethasone, the response rate of vomiting and nausea was improved by 37.72% (P<0.001) and 11.24% (P=0.008) respectively. (3) Adverse reactions: The incidence of fatigue/asthenia was higher in the aprepitant regimen (P=0.001), while the incidence of buy zofran online constipation was lower (P=0.002).

zofran maximum dose 2016-08-26

Self-reported buy zofran online alcohol consumption (drinks per day, drinks per drinking day, percentage of days abstinent, and total days abstinent per study week); and plasma carbohydrate deficient transferrin (CDT) level, an objective and sensitive marker of transient alcohol consumption.

zofran oral dose 2016-06-05

This paper is a review of the recommendations for the prophylaxis of acute emesis induced by moderately emetogenic chemotherapy as concluded at the Perugia Consensus Conference, which took place at the end of March 2004. The review focuses on new studies appearing since the last consensus conference in 1997. The following issues are addressed: dose and schedule of antiemetics, different groups of antiemetics such as corticosteroids, serotonin (5-HT(3))-receptor antagonists, dopamine D(2) receptor antagonists, and neurokinin (NK(1)) receptor antagonists. Antiemetic prophylaxis in patients receiving multiple cycles of moderately emetogenic chemotherapy is also reviewed. Consensus statements are given, including optimal dose and schedule of 5-HT(3)-receptor antagonists and of dexamethasone. The new 5-HT(3)-receptor antagonist, palonosetron, is a reasonable alternative to the well-established agents of this class--ondansetron, granisetron, tropisetron and dolasetron. It is concluded that the best prophylaxis in patients receiving moderately emetogenic chemotherapy is still the combination buy zofran online of one of the 5-HT(3)-receptor antagonists and dexamethasone. The results of studies adding a NK(1)-receptor antagonist to this combination are awaited and might change future recommendations.

zofran dosage 2017-12-05

It was a randomized open-label prospective study. Sixty-two patients were randomized to receive either ondansetron 32-mg infusion over 24 h, or olanzapine wafer 10 mg once daily in addition to ondansetron 8 mg IV three times a day or a single dose of palonosetron 0.25 mg IV instead of ondansetron. All groups were allowed rescue antiemetics buy zofran online . The primary endpoint was a composite outcome of no emesis, no use of rescue medication, and nausea score reduction of ≥50 %. The secondary endpoint was nausea score reduction of ≥50 %. Both endpoints were measured at 24 and 48 h after initiation of the study treatment. Statistical analysis was conducted using a double-sided Fisher's exact test.

zofran tablets 2017-10-18

Development and implementation of practice guidelines should be a team effort that includes pharmacists, the medical staff, and hospital administration. Described in this article are the steps involved in developing and successfully implementing practice guidelines. Also briefly presented are some practice guidelines developed by the staff at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center for the use of ondansetron in the post-op setting, colony stimulating factors, and sumatriptan for the treatment buy zofran online of migraine. Finally, discussion of a few practice guidelines that are in the implementation phase and future directions with regard to evolution of practice guidelines are presented.

zofran dose pediatrics 2017-10-01

Age is a buy zofran online significant predictor of emesis. We recommend a randomised controlled trial that compares the effects of prophylactic IM ondansetron with patients stratified as those aged up to and over 8 years.

zofran vile dose 2017-05-02

One hundred children with non-central nervous system malignancies received ondansetron at initiation of chemotherapy and every 8 hours for 5 days after cisplatin-containing therapy and for 3 days after other chemotherapy. Ondansetron was administered orally except with the intravenous chemotherapy. For the chemotherapy days, 72 of 93 children (76%) had complete or major control of vomiting on their worst day, 25% with cisplatin-containing protocols, 60% with ifosfamide-containing protocols, and 82% with other protocols. For the overall period, 71 of 93 children (76%) reported complete or buy zofran online major control of vomiting on the worst day, 14% with cisplatin, 60% with ifosfamide, and 83% with other chemotherapy. All had mild or no nausea. Of the 355 chemotherapy days, 228 children (64%) were emesis free, 40% with cisplatin, 60% with ifosfamide, and 68% with other regimens. Of the overall period (541 days), 393 days were emesis free, 45% with cisplatin, 71% with ifosfamide, and 86% with other regimes. Sixty-nine patients were not hospitalized, and oral ondansetron was given when chemotherapy was completed. Of the 241 ambulatory chemotherapy days, 178 (74%) were emesis free. No significant toxicity was encountered. Oral ondansetron reduced hospitalization without reducing antiemetic efficiency in children.

zofran medication 2016-11-02

The two treatments appeared to be equivalent based on the 90% confidence intervals (0.6, 1.67) of the least squares means ratio. All least squares means ratio confidence intervals for each parameter, for each analyte fell within the specified range, demonstrating a buy zofran online lack of an interaction.

zofran tabs 2015-05-20

Patients were randomized into two groups to Trental Online Buy receive either 0.04 mg/kg of midazolam or placebo intravenously (IV) 20 minutes preoperatively.

zofran 50 mg 2016-11-25

A systematic review and meta-analysis of published randomized controlled trials was performed to update the present evidence about the safety and efficacy of dexamethasone combined with other antiemetics versus single antiemetics for the prevention of postoperative nausea and Prilosec 15 Mg vomiting after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

zofran dissolving tablet 2017-08-04

One hundred and twenty-five female patients (American Society of Anesthesiologists' physical status 1 or 2) with fentanyl-based intravenous Celebrex 100mg Dosage PCA after gynaecological laparoscopy were recruited to the study, and 110 completed the protocol.

zofran renal dosing 2016-05-12

Eight patients in the ondansetron group, compared with six in the placebo group, had nausea, and six in the ondansetron Avelox Generic Form group and three in the placebo group vomited. Of the six patients who vomited in the ondansetron group, five vomited more than 8 hours from the injection of ondansetron. No significant adverse effects could be directly attributable to ondansetron.

zofran odt dosage 2016-06-10

The migrating motor complex (MMC) propels contents through the gastrointestinal tract during fasting. Nitric Imdur Drug Card oxide (NO) is an inhibitory neurotransmitter in the gastrointestinal tract. Little is known about how NO regulates the MMC. In this study, the aim was to examine nitrergic inhibition of the MMC in man using N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA) in combination with muscarinic receptor antagonist atropine and 5-HT3 receptor antagonist ondansetron.

zofran normal dosage 2017-02-27

We carried out searches on the Cochrane Airways Group Specialised Register of trials. Viagra Drug Class Searches were current as of July 2005.

zofran dosage iv 2016-10-27

Onset times were slightly but significantly shorter [1.4 min (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.5-2.3) and 1.5 min (95% CI 0.45-2.55)] and recovery times were slightly but significantly prolonged [2.6 min (95% CI 1.66-3.54) and 2.8 min (95% CI 1.83-3.78)] in patients receiving ondansetron. 8 Mg Imodium Tourniquet pain scores according to the VAS were slightly but significantly lower at 10, 15, 20 and 30 min, the time to intraoperative analgesic rescue was prolonged (35.0 +/- 7.1 min vs. 18.9 +/- 8.9 min, P = 0.043), a significantly lower number of patients (2 vs. 9) required additional analgesic and significantly less supplemental fentanyl was given [0 microg (0-0) vs. 59 microg (0-76), P = 0.015] in the ondansetron group. First intake of analgesic intake was longer (172 +/- 51 vs. 85 +/- 35 min, P = 0.0001), number of patients (7 vs. 15) requiring postoperative diclofenac was significantly lower and diclofenac requirements [0 mg (0-75) vs. 75 mg (75-150), P = 0.002) was significantly lower in the ondansetron group. Postoperative VAS scores were lower for the first 4 h in the ondansetron group.

zofran nausea medication 2017-05-27

The role of serotonin (5-HT) in the regulation of the hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal axis is still controversial. In order to evaluate the influence of 5-HT on gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons, we have investigated the effects of repeated administration (during 2 days) of 5-HT, the 5-HT1+2 receptor antagonist methysergide, the 5-HT2 Zofran Generic Picture receptor antagonist ketanserin, and the 5-HT3 receptor antagonist ondansetron on GnRH mRNA levels in the male rat medial preoptic area (MPOA), as measured by quantitative in situ hybridization. The treatment with 5-HT decreased by 32% the number of silver grains overlying labelled neurons. The administration of methysergide and ketanserin increased the hybridization signal by 32% and 29%, respectively. On the other hand, the 5-HT3 receptor antagonist did not modify GnRH mRNA levels. The present results clearly indicate that the serotoninergic system exerts a negative tonic influence on the biosynthesis of GnRH as evaluated by mRNA level measurements. They also strongly suggest that the influence of 5-HT in the regulation of GnRH neuronal activity is mediated via activation of 5-HT2 receptor, although an involvement of 5-HT1 receptors cannot be totally excluded.

medication zofran 2016-06-05

There is new information on different rehydration protocols, use of antiemetics, and antidiarrheal drugs that could reduce the burden of AGE. The need of intravenous (i.v.) rehydration is the main cause of hospital admission yet a standardized Motrin 300 Dosage rehydration scheme is not available. Rehydration therapy through nasogastric tube is better than i.v. rehydration, in children with moderate-severe dehydration. Ultrarapid rehydration has been proposed by enteric or i.v. route to reduce the time in hospital and costs. However, reduced rehydration times are associated with high readmission rates and side effects. Antiemetics may reduce the need of i.v. rehydration because of vomiting and the number of hospital admissions. However, the main antiemetic, ondansetron, has been loaded with a warning for potentially severe side effects. Selected antidiarrheal drugs could reduce the length of stay, but data on their use in inpatients are still not conclusive.

zofran odt generic 2017-08-12

In anaesthetized cats, 5-carboxamidotryptamine (5-CT) or 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) (0.3-300 micrograms kg-1,i.v.) inhibited the postganglionic compound action potential evoked by preganglionic electrical stimulation (0.5 Hz) with a similar potency in the stellate and splanchnic ganglia. In the 5-HT experiments transmission thorough the inferior mesenteric ganglia was also recorded. The maximal inhibitory effect of 5-HT was greater on the stellate and splanchnic ganglia (60 +/- 4 and 52 +/- 5%) than on the inferior mesenteric (15 +/- 2%). The effects of 5-HT were unaffected by pretreatment with antagonists (1 mg kg-1;i.v.) for 5-HT2 (BW501C67), 5-HT1A (WAY-100635) and 5-HT3 receptors (ondansetron). However, responses to both 5-HT and 5-CT were attenuated significantly by GR127935 (1 mg kg-1) except the responses to 5-HT at the inferior mesenteric ganglia. These results are consistent with the involvement of 5-HT1D receptors mediating inhibition of sympathetic ganglionic transmission in vivo.

zofran common dosage 2015-07-04

2-3% of patients after cardiac procedures with the use of cardiopulmonary by-pass develop neurological complications with focal symptoms. Also to there may be mental, emotional and intellectual disturbances. This kind of complications occurs in 33-83% of patients. The post-cardiopulmonary by-pass delirium is a syndrome with diverse symptoms. Confusion, hallucinations, paranoid illusions, psycho-motoric excitation, fear may also occur. A high level of serotonin and overstimulation of 5-HT2 receptors in the central nervous system are the reason of delirium. The relief of symptoms may be achieved by intravenous administration of Ondansetron, an antagonist of 5-HT2 receptors.

zofran white pill 2017-02-24

To enable those caring for patients undergoing day-case surgery to make the best choices for their patients and the health service, this review sought the highest quality evidence on: (1) the effectiveness of the control of pain after an operation; (2) the effectiveness of measures to minimise postoperative nausea and vomiting.

zofran max dose 2017-05-20

A retrospective cohort study was conducted at The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada. Eligible children included those younger than 18 years old with gastroenteritis who presented to an emergency department between 2003 and 2008. There were 22,125 potentially eligible visits; 20% were selected at random for chart review. The primary outcome measure, the intravenous rehydration rate, was evaluated using an interrupted time-series analysis with segmented logistic regression. Secondary outcomes included emergency department revisits, hospitalization, and length of stay.

zofran recommended dosage 2015-10-05

The potency of Ondansetron (Zofran, Glaxo), a highly specific 5HT3 antagonist in preventing the very unfavorable complication during introducing anesthesia, i.e. a Bezold-Jarisch reflex-like reaction, was studied in a clinical trial. A total of 20 patients (12 males and 8 females aged 19-65 years) admitted for clinical surgical treatment participated in the trial. Zofran (8 mg in 500 ml Ringer solution) was injected intravenously one hour before intubation at a flow rate of 8 ml. min-1. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure, central venous pressure, breathing frequency and minute ventilation, pCO2 and pO2 in venous blood, electrocardiogram monitoring (ECG) and several common features such as spontaneous muscle activity, palpebral reflexes, skin and mucose surfaces were continuously observed. Visual, auscultatory and X-ray control of the lungs was effected. It was found that blockade of 5HT3 receptors prevented the appearance of Bezold-Jarisch reflex-like reaction. The drug could successfully be used in anesthesiological practice.

zofran liquid dosage 2017-04-10

Drugs with different intrinsic activity at 5-HT1A receptors and antagonists at 5-HT2A/2C and 5-HT3 receptors were studied for their ability to increase the rates of punished operant responding in rats. Like chlordiazepoxide (5 and 10 mg/kg) and diazepam (1.25 and 2.5 mg/kg), 0.125 mg/kg 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT), a 5-HT1A receptor agonist, and 5 and 10 mg/kg ipsapirone, a partial agonist at these receptors, increased the rates of punished responding, whereas (S)-WAY 100135, a 5-HT1A receptor antagonist, had no effect at doses from 1 to 10 mg/kg. 8-OH-DPAT and ipsapirone, like benzodiazepines, significantly reduced unpunished responding. The 5-HT2A/2C receptor antagonists ritanserin (2 mg/kg), mianserin (8 mg/kg), and mesulergine (0.1 mg/kg) significantly increased the rates of punished responding, whereas 0.5-2 mg/kg ketanserin, that has higher affinity for 5-HT2A than 5-HT2C receptors, had no effect. Antagonists, at 5-HT3 receptors such as ondansetron (0.001-0.1 mg/kg) and tropisetron (0.001-0.1 mg/kg), had no effect on punished or unpunished responding. The results show that agents acting as full or partial agonists at 5-HT1A receptors and blockers of postsynaptic 5-HT2C receptors have anxiolytic-like effects in a model of punished operant responding, whereas antagonists at 5-HT1A and 5-HT3 receptors have no such effect.

zofran generic name 2016-11-08

Healthy children, aged 2-14 years, who were undergoing strabismus surgery were entered into this randomized, blocked and stratified study. Patients were administered 0.5 mg.kg(-1) midazolam p.o., 20-30 min preoperatively when indicated. The patients had an intravenous induction with 2.5-3.5 mg.kg(-1) propofol or an inhalation induction of anaesthesia with halothane and N2O. All patients were given 20 microg.kg(-1) atropine i.v. Study drugs were administered in a double-blind fashion. Both groups received 150 microg.kg(-1) dexamethasone i.v. Group D patients received placebo and group OD received 50 microg.kg(-1) of ondansetron i.v. Anaesthesia was maintained with halothane and N2O. Postoperative fluid, vomiting and pain management were standardized. Patients were followed for 24 h. We studied 193 patients with 111 patients in the OD group. Demographic data were similar.

zofran dose 2016-07-26

To compare the efficacy of two antiemetic regimens, ondansetron alone versus perphenazine with diphenhydramine, on emesis control in children undergoing conditioning therapy for bone marrow transplantation (BMT).