Generic Zofran is used for preventing nausea and vomiting due to cancer chemotherapy or surgery. It may also be used for other conditions.
Other names for this medication:
Also known as: Ondansetron.
Generic Zofran is used for preventing nausea and vomiting due to cancer chemotherapy or surgery. It may also be used for other conditions.
Generic Zofran is a serotonin 5-HT3 receptor blocker. It works by blocking a chemical thought to be a cause of nausea and vomiting in certain situations (e.g., chemotherapy).
Zofran is also known as Ondansetron, Vomiof, Danzetron, Ondaz.
Generic name of Generic Zofran is Ondansetron.
Brand name of Generic Zofran is Zofran.
Take each dose with a full glass of water.
Take Generic Zofran with food or an antacid to lessen stomach discomfort.
If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Generic Zofran suddenly.
If you overdose Generic Zofran and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.
Store at temperature between 2 and 30 degrees C (36 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.
The most common side effects associated with Zofran are:
Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.
Do not take Generic Zofran if you are allergic to Generic Zofran components.
Be careful with Generic Zofran if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother.
Generic Zofran should be used with extreme caution in children younger than 4 months old. Safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed.
Do not stop taking Generic Zofran suddenly.
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Combination antiemetics added to PCA reduced emetic symptoms after abdominal surgery.
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All 11 PREDICT sites participated. Nine CPGs were available with three sites using a common CPG. For moderate dehydration, eight CPGs advocated nasogastric (NG) rehydration in preference to intravenous (IV) rehydration. The IV route was reserved for severe dehydration or failed NG rehydration. In the second component of the survey, 78 of 83 (94%) physicians responded. In moderate dehydration, 82% of respondents used NG rehydration. In severe dehydration, 86% used IV fluids; 12% used NG and 3% an initial IV bolus followed by NG fluid. Serum electrolytes were measured universally with IV fluid use and by 22% using NG rehydration. The IV fluid bolus was with normal saline (86%). Fifty-four per cent used anti-emetics 'rarely' or 'sometimes'. The commonest agents were ondansetron (60%) and metoclopramide (29%).
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We established new congenic model with distinct pharmacogenetic profile related to metabolic effects of ondansetron, facilitating thus the search for responsible genetic variants within the limited genomic region demarcated by the differential segment.
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Compared with group S, the incidence of maternal hypotension was significantly lower in groups O4 and O6 (P < 0.05). The umbilical venous pH was significantly higher in group O4 (P < 0.05); while the partial pressure of carbon dioxide (Pco2) was significantly lower in groups O4, O6, and O8 (P < 0.05); and the bicarbonate (Hco3 (-)) and base excess in extracellular fluid (BEecf) were significantly lower in groups O6 and O8 (P < 0.05). Moreover, minimal changes of systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and mean arterial blood pressure were observed in group O4 (P < 0.05).
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LPB resulted in statistically significant reductions in PACU resting pain after hip arthroscopy, but the absence of improvement in most secondary outcomes suggests that assessment of risks and benefits of LPB should be individualized.
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Highly 5-HT(3)-receptor-specific antiemetic agents may have different effects on ion transport of tumour cells during treatment with cytotoxic drugs. Cell volume regulation, which is dependent on potassium ion (K(+)) flux, is involved the control of cell growth, proliferation, and apoptosis. K(+)-flux response mechanisms to the antiemetics ondansetron and granisetron were therefore correlated to malignant glioma cell (Mg251) volume response to estramustine phosphate (EMP) in vitro.
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It is important that negative, as well as positive, studies be published to complete the available picture in areas of scientific inquiry. At the same time, it is critical that the implications of a negative study not be overstated and generalized when major issues of study design and data accuracy may be the reason that no relationship was discovered. The challenge of avoiding type II errors in interpreting negative findings has major public health implications, especially when the relationship of an exposure to birth defects is the concern. This is particularly important when interpreting the report by Fazio et al. (June issue of Reproductive Toxicology) on the relationship of ondansetron exposure to pregnancy outcome and birth defects. This review addresses the study design and conclusions and suggests that an alternative concluding statement would be more apropos, given the limitations of the data.
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One hundred and forty patients were enrolled in four groups to receive midazolam 0.75 mg/kg in group M, ondansetron 4 mg in group O, midazolam 0.75 mg/kg and ondansetron 4 mg in group MO, and saline 0.90% in group S intravenously just before anesthesia. Assessment of nausea, vomiting, rescue antiemetic, and side effects of study drugs such as headache and dizziness was carried out postoperatively for 24 h.
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To assess the efficacy and safety of intravenous ondansetron (4 mg) for the prevention of nausea and vomiting after middle ear surgery under local anesthesia.
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To study the enhancement by dexamethasone of the effect of ondansetron and tropiesetron against postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in patients receiving patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) and observe the effect of dexamethasone on wound healing.
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A clinical trial.
The six groups did not significantly differ, regarding their gender, weight or age. Propofol injection pain was less in L and G groups, in comparison with the others (P ≤ 0.001). By analyzing the hemodynamic changes, it was observed that the least amount of change in mean arterial pressure was observed in the paracetamol group.
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In the present study, azasetron showed inferiority in the control of delayed chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting compared with ondansetron whereas safety profiles were similar between the two groups.
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Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a prevalent functional gastrointestinal disorder which represents a major cost to healthcare services. IBS-D patients represent about one-third of the IBS population and are currently treated with antispasmodics, loperamide, bile acid sequestrants and antidepressants. Alosetron and rifaximin are also available in USA, ramosetron in Japan, Korea and Thailand and ondansetron as an off-label treatment. Areas covered: This article focuses on eluxadoline, a novel pharmacological agent that has recently been approved by both the FDA and EMA for treatment of patients with IBS-D. Expert commentary: The efficacy and safety of eluxadoline in treating bowel habit alterations and pain, both in the short and long-term, make the drug a welcome addition to our therapeutic alternatives in IBS-D. Its positioning in any IBS algorithm will depend on the 'real world' prevalence of the small risk of sphincter of Oddi spasm and mild pancreatitis.
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The 5-HT3 receptor antagonists are the most potent antiemetics known at present. Lerisetron is a new 5-HT3 receptor antagonist chemically unrelated to other antagonists like Ondansetron. An emesis model in the dog induced by irradiation with 60Co was used, and 8 Gy were administered over the total body surface. An irradiated control group was established and received no medication, and two irradiated groups received treatment with either Ondansetron or Lerisetron. The 'up-down' technique was employed to determine the effective dose (ED50). A logarithmic-scale was used to increase or decrease the doses in each case. The initial doses were 300 microg/kg for Ondansetron and 100 microg/kg for Lerisetron. All animals in the control group vomited. The ED50 of Ondansetron was 178+/-151 microg/kg body wt and that of Lerisetron was 63+/-18 microg/kg. Lerisetron is more potent and presented less individual variability than Ondansetron, but its antiemetic effects were equally effective.
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Post-operative nausea and vomiting is one of the most common and distressing complications after anesthesia and surgery. It may lead to serious post-operative complications. Ramosetron is a newer 5-HT3 receptor antagonist and has more potent and longer duration of antiemetic effects compared to first generation 5HT3 receptor antagonists. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of Ramosetron for the prevention of post-operative nausea and vomiting with that of Ondansetron in patients undergoing abdominal surgeries under general anesthesia.
The present work was to fabricate and evaluate ondansetron-loaded microbeads by using chitosan as mucoadhesive and sustained release polymer. Sodium tripolyphosphate (Na-TPP) was used as a cross-linking agent. The microbeads were successfully prepared by ionotropic gelation technique. The particle size, entrapment efficiency, and mucoadhesive strength of drug-loaded formulations was measured by an optical microscope, direct crushing method, and in vitro wash-off method, respectively.
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The beta-adrenoceptor antagonist as well as serotonin 5-HT1 receptor antagonist, (-)alprenolol, was found to potentiate the disrupting effect of the noncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonist, dizocilpine, on prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the acoustic startle response (ASR) in the rat. The facilitating effect of dizocilpine on ASR amplitude was also potentiated by (-)alprenolol. (-)Alprenolol by itself did not affect either of these measures. These effects did not seem to be related to the unselective beta-adrenoceptor antagonist property of (-)alprenolol, since combined pretreatment with the beta1- and beta2-adrenoceptor antagonists, metoprolol and ICI 118551, did not alter the effects of dizocilpine on startle behaviour. However, a serotonergic influence was suggested by the fact that a facilitating effect of dizocilpine on ASR amplitude was also obtained by pretreatment with the 5-HT precursor, L-5-HTP, in benserazide-pretreated rats. Furthermore, pretreatment with the 5-HT2 selective receptor antagonist, MDL 100907, significantly reduced the (-)alprenolol-induced potentiation of the effects of dizocilpine on startle behaviour, while the 5-HT3 selective receptor antagonist, ondansetron, failed to do that. Finally, the (-)alprenolol-induced potentiation of the effects of dizocilpine was significantly reduced by pretreatment with the atypical antipsychotic, clozapine, and by the potential antipsychotic and selective dopamine D2 receptor antagonist, raclopride. This study suggests that altered 5-HT activity may influence the effects of psychotomimetic drugs such as dizocilpine on sensorimotor function, and this observation may have implications for the pharmacological treatment of schizophrenia in humans.
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Two reviewers independently assessed trial quality and extracted data. Study authors were contacted for additional information. Adverse effects data was collected from the studies.
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The maximum potentiation induced by 5-HT in neurogenic overactive detrusor muscle was reduced (P < 0.05) by about half compared to normal detrusor muscle, but EC50 values obtained in normal and overactive tissue were not significantly different. Cisapride was less potent than 5-HT and acted as a partial agonist relative to 5-HT. The selective 5-HT4 receptor antagonist RS-100235 was a potent antagonist of the 5-HT-induced potentiation of responses to EFS. At 3 nmol/L RS-100235 antagonized the effects of 5-HT in both groups of tissues without affecting the maximum responses. The affinity estimates (apparent pKB values of 9.2-9.5) for this antagonist were similar in normal and overactive detrusor muscle.
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The neurobiological basis of alcohol dependence, established pharmacotherapies for alcohol dependence, pharmacotherapies under investigation, and obstacles to treatment are discussed.
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Routes of administration for medications and fluids in the acute care setting have primarily focused on oral, intravenous, or intraosseous routes, but, in many patients, none of these routes is optimal. A novel device (Macy Catheter; Hospi Corp) that offers an easy route for administration of medications or fluids via rectal mucosal absorption (proctoclysis) has recently become available in the palliative care market; we describe here the first known uses of this device in the emergency setting. Three patients presenting to the hospital with conditions limiting more typical routes of medication or fluid administration were treated with this new device; patients were administered water for hydration, lorazepam for treatment of alcohol withdrawal, ondansetron for nausea, acetaminophen for fever, aspirin for antiplatelet effect, and methimazole for hyperthyroidism. Placement of the device was straightforward, absorption of administered medications (judged by immediacy of effects, where observable) was rapid, and use of the device was well tolerated by patients, suggesting that this device may be an appealing alternative route to medication and fluid administration for a variety of indications in acute and critical care settings.
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This phase III study was designed to compare the combination paclitaxel (Taxol)-gemcitabine (PG) versus carboplatin-gemcitabine (CG) in patients with advanced inoperable non-small-cell lung cancer.
Searches were done in MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials to identify studies comparing 5-HT3 receptor antagonists with each other, placebo, and/or other antiemetic agents for patients undergoing surgical procedures. Screening search results, data abstraction, and risk of bias assessment were conducted by two reviewers independently. Random-effects pairwise meta-analysis and network meta-analysis (NMA) were conducted. PROSPERO registry number: CRD42013003564.
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Sixty-six parturients (American Society of Anesthesiologist physical status I-II) scheduled for elective cesarean section were randomized to receive intravenous ondansetron 4 mg (Group O, n = 32) or glycopyrrolate 0.2 mg (Group G, n = 31) before spinal anesthesia. Outcome measures studied were emesis, episodes of hypotension and bradycardia and pain, till 10 h postoperative. Statistical software used was Epi Info 7 and Microsoft Excel.
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Compared to ondansetron alone, ondansetron plus betahistine was more effective to prevent PONV and dizziness in high-risk patients undergoing laparoscopic gynecological surgery.
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Electronic databases were systematically searched for randomized controlled trials examining the role of ondansetron in cholestatic or uremic pruritus between 1966 and 2008.
This study was a multi-center, prospective, randomized, double-dummy, double-blind and parallel-group trial involving 12 institutions in Korea between May 2005 and December 2005. A total of 265 patients with moderately and highly emetogenic chemotherapy were included and randomly assigned to either the azasetron or ondansetron group. All patients received azasetron (10 mg intravenously) and dexamethasone (20 mg intravenously) on day 1 and dexamethasone (4 mg orally every 12 hours) on days 2-4. The azasetron group received azasetron (10 mg orally) with placebo of ondansetron (orally every 12 hours), and the ondansetron group received ondansetron (8 mg orally every 12 hours) with placebo of azasetron (orally) on days 2-6.
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In an outbreak of waterborne giardiasis where 1300 subjects were diagnosed, with Giardia lamblia, 139 continued to have abdominal symptoms of whom two of three had negative stool culture and microscopy. These were considered to have a postinfectious functional gastrointestinal disorder. We investigated visceral hypersensitivity in patients with persisting abdominal symptoms after Giardia infection and assessed the effect of 5HT(3)-antagonist ondansetron. Twenty-two patients with Giardia negative stools and 19 controls were included. A subset of patients (n = 15) had both irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and functional dyspepsia (FD). All subjects underwent a satiety test with a soup combined with three-dimensional ultrasound. Fifteen of 22 patients underwent double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study with the 5-HT(3) antagonist ondansetron given orally. Drinking capacity was lower in patients than in controls (P < 0.01) and gastric emptying was reduced (P < 0.05). Patients had more symptoms both fasting and postprandially (P < 0.001) compared to controls. Ondansetron had no effect on these parameters except from less nausea postprandially (P < 0.05). In conclusion, patients with Giardia-induced gastrointestinal symptoms developed both IBS and FD. They exhibited gastric hypersensitivity with lower drinking capacity and delayed gastric emptying. The 5-HT(3) antagonist ondansetron did not improve drinking capacity, gastric emptying or symptoms except nausea.
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